Works Cited

1. American Psychological Association. Coping with Stress at Work. Available at Last accessed February 15, 2018.

2. American Institute of Stress. 2014 Stress Statistics. Available at Last accessed February 15, 2018.

3. Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. Occupational Outlook Handbook, Registered Nurses. Available at Last accessed February 15, 2018.

4. Leiter MP, Maslach C. Nurse turnover: the mediating role of burnout. J Nurs Manag. 2009;17(3):331-339.

5. Oyeleye O, Hanson P, O'Connor N, Dunn D. Relationship of workplace incivility, stress, and burnout on nurses' turnover intentions and psychological empowerment. J Nurs Adm. 2013;43(10):536-542.

6. Juraschek SP, Zhang X, Ranganathan V, Lin VW. United States registered nurse workforce report card and shortage forecast.Am J Med Qual. 2012;27(3):241-249.

7. Aiken LH, Clarke SP, Sloane DM, Sochalski J, Silber JH. Hospital nurse staffing and patient mortality, nurse burnout, and job dissatisfaction. JAMA. 2002;288(16):1987-1993.

8. Ludwick R, Silva MC. Errors, the nursing shortage and ethics: survey results. Online J Issues Nursing. 2003;8(3):9.

9. Hugonnet S, Chevrolet JC, Pittet D. The effect of workload on infection risk in critically ill patients. Crit Care Med. 2007;35(1): 76-81.

10. Stone PW, Mooney-Kane C, Larson EL, et al. Nurse working conditions and patient safety outcomes. Med Care. 2007;45(6): 571-578.

11. Kane RL, Shamliyan T, Mueller C, Duval S, Wilt TJ. Nursing Staffing and Quality of Patient Care. Evidence Report/Technology Assessment No. 151. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; 2007.

12. Cimiotti JP, Aiken LH, Sloane DM, Wu ES. Nurse staffing, burnout, and health care-associated infection. Am J Infect Control. 2012;40(6):486-490.

13. Poghosyan L, Clarke SP, Finlayson M, Aiken LH. Nurse burnout and quality of care: cross-national investigation in six countries. Res Nurs Health. 2010;33(4):288-298.

14. Aiken LH, Cimiotti JP, Sloane DM, et al. The effects of nurse staffing and nurse education on patient deaths in hospitals with different nurse work environments. Med Care. 2011;49(12):1047-1053.

15. Felton JS. Burnout as a clinical entity: its importance in health care workers. Occup Med (Lond). 1998;48(4):237-250.

16. Freudenberger H. Staff burnout. J Soc Issues. 1974;5:59-165.

17. Edelwich J, Brodsky A. Burn-out: Stages of Disillusionment in the Helping Professions. New York, NY: Springer; 1980.

18. Maslach C. Burnout: The Cost of Caring. Cambridge, MA: Malor Books; 2003.

19. Maslach C, Jackson SE. Maslach Burnout Inventory. Palo Alto, CA: Consulting Psychologists Press; 1981.

20. Maslach C, Jackson SE, Leiter MP. Maslach Burnout Inventory. 3rd ed. Palo Alto, CA: Consulting Psychologists Press; 1996.

21. Maslach C, Leiter MP. The Truth about Burnout: How Organizations Cause Personal Stress and What to Do About it. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass; 1997.

22. Weber A, Jaekel-Reinhard A. Burnout syndrome: a disease of modern societies? Occup Med (Lond). 2000;50(7):512-517.

23. Spinetta JJ, Jankovic M, Ben Arush MW, et al. Guidelines for the recognition, prevention, and remediation of burnout in health care professionals participating in the care of children with cancer: report of the SIOP Working Committee on Psychosocial Issues in Pediatric Oncology. Med Pediatr Oncol. 2000;35(2):122-125.

24. Carr JL. Healthy Nurse: Escape Burnout and Discover the Ultimate Life/Work Balance. Columbus, IN: Matilda Publishing; 2006.

25. Keidel GC. Burnout and compassion fatigue among hospice caregivers. Am J Hosp Palliat Med. 2002;19(3):200-205.

26. Denollet J. DS14: standard assessment of negative affectivity, social inhibition, and Type D personality. Psychosom Med. 2005;67(1):89-97.

27. Ogińska-Bulik N. Occupational stress and its consequences in healthcare professionals: the role of type D personality. Int J Occup Med Environ Health. 2006;19(2):113-122.

28. Evans GD, Bryant NE, Owens JS, Koukos K. Ethnic differences in burnout, coping, and intervention acceptability among childcare professionals. Child Youth Care Forum. 2004;33(5):349-371.

29. Purvanova RK, Muros JP. Gender differences in burnout: a meta-analysis. J Vocat Behav. 2010;77(2):168-185.

30. Ahola K, Honkonen T, Isometsä E, et al. Burnout in the general population: results from the Finnish Health 2000 Study.Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 2006;41(1):11-17.

31. Brenninkmeijer V, VanYperen NW, Buunk BP. Burnout and depression are not identical twins: is decline of superiority a distinguishing feature? Personality Individ Diff. 2001;30(5):873-880.

32. Raiger J. Applying a cultural lens to the concept of burnout. J Transcult Nurs. 2005;16(1):71-76.

33. Vachon M. Staff stress and burnout. In: Berger AM, Portenoy RK, Weissman DE (eds). Principles and Practice of Palliative Care and Supportive Oncology. 2nd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2002.

34. Leone SS, Huibers MJH, Knottnerus JA, Kant IJ. Similarities, overlap and differences between burnout and prolonged fatigue in the working population. QJM. 2007;100(10):617-627.

35. Leone SS, Huibers MJ, Knottnerus JA, Kant I. The prognosis of burnout and prolonged fatigue in the working population: a comparison. J Occup Environ Med. 2008;50(10):1195-1202.

36. Leone SS, Huibers MJ, Knottnerus JA, Kant I. A comparison of the course of burnout and prolonged fatigue: a 4-year prospective cohort study. J Psychosom Res. 2008;65(1):31-38.

37. Joinson C. Coping with compassion fatigue. Nursing. 1992;22(4):116-120.

38. Rourke MT. Compassion fatigue in pediatric palliative care providers. Pediat Clin North Am. 2007;54(5):631-644.

39. Anewalt P. Fired up or burned out? Understanding the importance of professional boundaries in home health care hospice. Home Healthcare Nurse. 2009;27(10):591-597.

40. Lombardo B, Eyre C. Compassion fatigue: a nurse's primer. Online J Issues Nurs. 2011;16(1):3.

41. Ahola K, Hakanen J, Perhoniemi R, Mutanen P. Relationship between burnout and depressive symptoms: a study using the person-centred approach. Burnout Res. 2014;1(1):29-37.

42. Kuper H, Marmot M. Job strain, job demands, decision latitude, and risk of coronary heart disease within the Whitehall II study.J Epidemiol Community Health. 2003;57(2):147-153.

43. Dimsdale JE. Psychological stress and cardiovascular disease. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2008;51(13):1237-1246.

44. Chandola T, Britton A, Brunner E, et al. Work stress and coronary heart disease: what are the mechanisms? Eur Heart J. 2008;29(5):579-580, 640-648.

45. Levy RL, Olden KW, Naliboff BD, et al. Psychosocial aspects of the functional gastrointestinal disorders. Gastroenterology. 2006;130(5):1447-1458.

46. Cohen S, Janicki-Deverts D, Doyle WJ, et al. Chronic stress, glucocorticoid receptor resistance, inflammation, and disease risk.Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012;109(16):5995-5999.

47. Pedersen A, Zachariae R, Bovbjerg DH. Influence of psychological stress on upper respiratory infection: a meta-analysis of prospective studies. Psychosom Med. 2010;72(8):823-832.

48. Nakata A. Psychosocial job stress and immunity: a systematic review. Methods Mol Biol. 2012;934:39-75.

49. Rohland BM, Kruse GR, Rohrer JE. Validation of a single-item measure of burnout against the Maslach Burnout Inventory among physicians. Stress Health. 2004;20(2):75-79.

50. West CP, Dyrbye LN, Sloane JA, Shanafelt TD. Single item measures of emotional exhaustion and depersonalization are useful for assessing burnout in medical professionals. J Gen Intern Med. 2009;24(12):1318-1321.

51. West CP, Dyrbye LN, Satele DV, Sloan JA, Shanafelt TD. Concurrent validity of single-item measures of emotional exhaustion and depersonalization in burnout assessment. J Gen Intern Med. 2012;27(11):1445-1452.

52. Dolan ED, Mohr D, Lempa M, et al. Using a single item to measure burnout in primary care setting: a psychometric evaluation.J Gen Intern Med. 2015;30(5):582-587.

53. Goldberg DP. Manual of the General Health Questionnaire. Windsor: NFER Publishing; 1978.

54. Jackson C. The General Health Questionnaire. Occup Med. 2007;57(1):79.

55. Pfifferling JH. Burnout Risk Appraisal. Available at Last accessed February 15, 2018.

56. Laschinger H, Montgomery A. Burnout in healthcare: what do we know and what should we do? [editorial] Burnout Res. 2014;1(2):57-58.

57. Daugherty JM. Burnout: how sonographers and vascular technologists react to chronic stress. J Diagnos Med Sonogr. 2002;18(5): 305-312.

58. Blau G, Tatum DS, Ward-Cook K. Correlates of work exhaustion for medical technologists. J Allied Health. 2003;32(3):148-157.

59. Painter J, Akroyd D, Elliot S, Adams RD. Burnout among occupational therapists. Occup Therapy Health Care. 2003;17(1):63-78.

60. Dyrbye LN, Thomas MR, Eacker A, et al. Race, ethnicity, and medical student well-being in the United States. Arch Intern Med. 2007;167(19):2103-2109.

61. Ishak W, Nikravesh R, Lederer S, et al. Burnout in medical students: a systematic review. Clin Teach. 2013;10(4):242-245.

62. Shanafelt TD, Bradley KA, Wipf JE, Back AL. Burnout and self-reported patient care in an internal medicine residency program. Ann Intern Med. 2002;136(5):358-367.

63. Thomas NK. Resident burnout. JAMA. 2004;292(23):2880-2889.

64. Rada RE, Johnson-Leong C. Stress, burnout, anxiety and depression among dentists. J Am Dent Assoc. 2004;135(6):788-794.

65. Shanafelt T, Boone S, Tan L, et al. Burnout and satisfaction with work-life balance among US physicians relative to the general U.S. population. Arch Intern Med. 2012;172(19):1377-1385.

66. Peckham C. Physician Burnout: It Just Keeps Getting Worse. Available at Last accessed February 15, 2018.

67. Neff DF, Cimiotti JP, Heusinger AS, Aiken LH. Nurse reports from the frontlines: analysis of a statewide nurse survey. Nurs Forum. 2011;46(1):4-10.

68. McHugh MD, Kutney-Lee A, Cimiotti JP, Sloane DM, Aiken LH. Nurses' widespread job dissatisfaction, burnout, and frustration with health benefits signal problems for patient care. Health Aff (Millwood). 2011;30(2):202-210.

69. McHugh MD, Ma C. Wage, work environment, and staffing: effects on nurse outcomes. Policy Polit Nurs Pract. 2014;15(0):72-80.

70. Khamisa N, Peltzer K, Oldenburg B. Burnout in relation to specific contributing factors and health outcomes among nurses: a systematic review. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2013;10:2214-2240.

71. Aiken LH, Clarke SP, Sloane DM, et al. Nurses' reports on hospital care in five countries. Health Aff (Millwood). 2001;20(3): 43-53.

72. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Health Resources and Services Administration. National Sample Survey of Registered Nurses, 2008. Available at Last accessed February 15, 2018.

73. AMN Healthcare. 2013 Survey of Registered Nurses. Available at Last accessed February 15, 2018.

74. Coomber B, Barriball KL. Impact of job satisfaction components on intent to leave and turnover for hospital-based nurses: a review of the research literature. Int J Nurs Stud. 2007;44(2):297-314.

75. Erickson RJ, Grove WJC. Why emotions matter: age, agitation, and burnout among registered nurses. Online J Issues Nursing. 2007;13.

76. Budden JS, Zhong EH, Moulton P, Cimiotti JP. Highlights of the National Workforce Survey of Registered Nurses. J Nurs Reg. 2013;4(2):5-14.

77. Moore GA, Dienemann JA. Job satisfaction and career development of men in nursing. J Nurs Ed Pract. 2014;4(3):86-93.

78. Xue Y. Racial and ethnic minority nurses' job satisfaction in the U.S. Int J Nurs Stud. 2015;52(1):280-287.

79. Toh SG, Ang E, Devi MK. Systematic review on the relationship between the nursing shortage and job satisfaction, stress and burnout levels among nurses in oncology/hematology settings. Int J Evid Based Healthc. 2012;10(2):126-141.

80. Jenkins R, Elliott P. Stressors, burnout and social support: nurses in acute mental health settings. J Adv Nurs. 2004;48(6):622-631.

81. Poncet MC, Toullic P, Papazian L, et al. Burnout syndrome in critical care nursing staff. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2007;175(7):698-704.

82. Browning L, Ryan C, Thomas S, Greenberg M, Rolniak S. Nursing specialty and burnout. Psychol Health Med. 2007;12(2):148-154.

83. Hunsaker S, Chen HC, Maughan D, Heaston S. Factors that influence the development of compassion fatigue, burnout, and compassion satisfaction in emergency department nurses. J Nurs Scholarsh. 2015;47(2):186-194.

84. Lapane KL, Hughes CM. Considering the employee point of view: perceptions of job satisfaction and stress among nursing staff in nursing homes. J Am Med Dir Assoc. 2007;8(1):8-13.

85. Lee JSY, Akhtar S. Effects of the workplace social context and job content on nurse burnout. Hum Resource Manage. 2011;50:1-19.

86. Barnard D, Street A, Love AW. Relationships between stressors, work supports, and burnout among cancer nurses. Cancer Nurs. 2006;29(4):338-345.

87. Gershon RR, Stone PW, Zeltser M, Faucett J, MacDavitt K, Chou SS. Organizational climate and nurse health outcomes in the United States: a systematic review. Ind Health. 2007;45(5):622-636.

88. Wilkinson S. How nurses can cope with stress and avoid burnout. Emerg Nurs. 2014;22(7):27-31.

89. Bogaert PV, Clarke S, Roelant E, et al. Impacts of unit-level nurse practice environment and burnout on nurse-reported outcomes: a multilevel modelling approach. J Clin Nurs. 2010;19:1664-1674.

90. Wakim N. Occupational stressors, stress perception levels, and coping styles of medical surgical RNs: a generational perspective.J Nurs Adm. 2014;44(12):632-639.

91. Aiken LH, Sermeus W, Van den Heede K, et al. Patient safety, satisfaction, and quality of hospital care: cross sectional surveys of nurses and patients in 12 countries in Europe and the United States. BMJ. 2012;344:e1717.

92. Clarke SP. Job satisfaction survey report. Nursing. 2007;37(12 Pt. 1):43-47.

93. Trinkoff A, Geiger-Brown J, Brady B, Lipscomb J, Muntaner C. How long and how much are nurses now working? Am J Nurs. 2006;106(4):60-71.

94. Stimpfel AW, Sloane DM, Aiken LH. The longer the shifts for hospital nurses, the higher the levels of burnout and patient dissatisfaction. Health Aff (Millwood). 2012;31(11):2501-2509.

95. Chen J, Davis KG, Daraiseh NM, Pan W, Davis LS. Fatigue and recovery in 12-hour dayshift hospital nurses. J Nurs Manag. 2014;22(5):593-603.

96. Bae SH, Yoon J. Impact of states' nurse work hour regulations on overtime practices and work hours among registered nurses.Health Serv Res. 2014;49(5):1638-1658.

97. Rogers AE. The effects of fatigue and sleepiness on nurse performance and patient safety. In: Hughes RG (ed). Patient Safety and Quality: An Evidence-Based Handbook for Nurses. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; 2008.

98. Smith-Miller CA, Shaw-Kokot J, Curro B, Jones CB. An integrative review: fatigue among nurses in acute care settings. J Nurs Adm. 2014;44(9):487-494.

99. Rogers AE, Hwang WT, Scott LD, Aiken LH, Dinges DF. The working hours of hospital staff nurses and patient safety. Health Aff. 2004;23(4):202-212.

100. Scott L, Rogers A, Hwang WT, et al. The effects of critical care nurse work hours on vigilance and patient safety. J Crit Care Nurs. 2006;15(4):30-37.

101. Stimpfel AW, Aiken LH. Hospital staff nurses' shift length associated with safety and quality of care. J Nurs Care Qual. 2013;28(2):122-129.

102. Zangaro GA, Soeken KL. A meta-analysis of studies of nurses' job satisfaction. Res Nurs Health. 2007;30(4):445-458.

103. Saber DA. Frontline registered nurse job satisfaction and predictors over three decades: a meta-analysis from 1980 to 2009. Nurs Outlook. 2014;62(6):402-414.

104. Erenstein CF, McCaffrey R. How healthcare work environments influence nurse retention. Holist Nurs Pract. 2007;21(6):303-307.

105. Spence Laschinger HK, Leiter M, Day A, Gilin D. Workplace empowerment, incivility, and burnout: impact on staff recruitment and retention outcomes. J Nurs Manag. 2009;17(3):302-311.

106. Hoffman AJ, Scott LD. Role stress and career satisfaction among registered nurses by work shift patterns. J Nurs Adm. 2003;33(6):337-342.

107. Graber JE, Huang ES, Drum ML, et al. Predicting changes in staff morale and burnout at community health centers participating in the health disparities collaboratives. J Health Serv Res. 2008;43(4):1403-1423.

108. Spence Laschinger HK. Hospital nurses' perceptions of respect and organizational justice. J Nurs Adm. 2004;34(7-8):354-364.

109. Jennings BM. Work stress and burnout among nurses: role of the work environment and working conditions. In: Hughes RG (ed). Patient Safety and Quality: An Evidence-Based Handbook for Nurses. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; 2008.

110. Vahey DC, Aiken LH, Sloane DM, Clarke SP, Vargas D. Nurse burnout and patient satisfaction. Med Care. 2004;42(2 Suppl):II57-II66.

111. Stone PW, Du Y, Gershon RR. Organizational climate and occupational health outcomes in hospital nurses. J Occup Environ Med. 2007;49(1):50-58.

112. American Nurses Association. Survey of 76,000 Nurses Probes Elements of Job Satisfaction. Available at Last accessed February 15, 2018.

113. Montoro-Rodriguez J, Small JA. The role of conflict resolution styles on nursing staff morale, burnout, and job satisfaction in long-term care. J Aging Health. 2006;18(3):385-406.

114. Rosenstein AH. Nurse-physician relationships: impact on nurse satisfaction and retention. Am J Nurs. 2002;102(6):26-34.

115. Rosenstein AH, O'Daniel M. Disruptive behavior and clinical outcomes: perceptions of nurses and physicians. Am J Nurs. 2005;105(1):54-64.

116. Tang CJ, Chan SW, Zhou WT, Liaw SY. Collaboration between hospital physicians and nurses: an integrated literature review.Int Nurs Rev. 2013;60(3):291-302.

117. Papadatou D. A proposed model of health professionals' grieving process. Omega. 2000;41(1):59-77.

118. Piers RD, Van den Eynde M, Steeman E, et al. End-of-life care of the geriatric patient and nurses' moral distress. J Am Med Dir Assoc. 2012;13:e7-e13.

119. American Nurses Association. 2011 ANA Health and Safety Survey. Available at Last accessed February 15, 2018.

120. Buerhaus P, Auerbach D, Staiger D. The recent surge in nurse employment: causes and implications. Health Aff. 2009;28(4):w657-w668.

121. Aiken LH, Clarke SP, Sloane DM, Lake ET, Cheney T. Effects of hospital care environment on patient mortality and nurse outcomes. J Nurs Adm. 2008;38(5):223-229.

122. Penoyer DA. Nurse staffing and patient outcomes in critical care: a concise review. Crit Care Med. 2010;38(7):1521-1529.

123. Rogowski JA, Staiger D, Patrick T, Horbar J, Kenny M, Lake ET. Nurse staffing and NICU infection rates. JAMA Pediatr. 2013;167(5):444-450.

124. Van den Heede K, Lesaffre E, Diya L, et al. The relationship between inpatient cardiac surgery mortality and nurse numbers and educational level: analysis of administrative data. Int J Nurs Stud. 2009;46(6):796-803.

125. Needleman J, Buerhaus P, Pankratz S, Leibson CL, Stevens SR, Harris M. Nurse staffing and inpatient hospital mortality. N Engl J Med. 2011;364(11):1037-1045

126. Blegen MA, Goode CJ, Spetz J, Vaughn T, Park SH. Nurse staffing effects on patient outcomes: safety-net and non-safety-net hospitals. Med Care. 2011;49(4):406-414.

127. American Nurses Association. ANA Position Statement: Addressing Nurse Fatigue to Promote Safety and Health: Joint Responsibilities of Registered Nurses and Employers to Reduce Risks. Available at Last accessed March 30, 2018.

128. Walsh R. Emergency Nurses Association White Paper: Nurse Fatigue. Available at Last accessed February 15, 2018.

129. Epp K. Burnout in critical care nurses: a literature review. Dynamics. 2012;23(4):25-31.

130. Beech P. The nurse is not for burning. Nurs Stand. 2007;21(20):62-64.

131. Krischke MM. Suffering from Compassion Fatigue, Burnout or Both? What a Nurse Can Do. Available at,-Burnout-or-Both%3F-What-a-Nurse-Can-Do/. Last accessed February 15, 2018.

132. The Joint Commission. Health care worker fatigue and patient safety. Sentinel Event Alert. 2011;(48). Available at Last accessed February 15, 2018.

133. Epstein RM. Just being. West J Med. 2001;174:63-65.

134. Holland JM, Neimeyer RA. Reducing the risk of burnout in end-of-life care settings: the role of daily spiritual experiences and training. Palliat Support Care. 2005;3(3):173-181.

135. Galinsky E. Dual-Centric: A New Concept of Work-Life. Available at Last accessed February 15, 2018.

136. Ruotsalainen JH, Verbeek JH, Marine A, Serra C. Preventing occupational stress in healthcare workers. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2014;12:CD002892.

137. Girdano DA, Everly GS, Dusek DE. Controlling Stress and Tension. Needham Heights MA: Allyn & Bacon; 1996.

138. Malugani M. Battling burnout in nursing. Nursing Link. Available at Last accessed February 15, 2018.

139. Dunn D. Substance abuse among nurses: intercession and intervention. AORN J. 2005;82(5):775-799.

140. Garrett DK, McDaniel AM. A new look at nurse burnout: the effects of environmental uncertainty and social climate. J Nurs Adm. 2001;31(2):91-96.

141. Worden JW. Grief Counseling and Grief Therapy: A Handbook for the Mental Health Professional. 4th ed. New York, NY: Springer; 2008.

142. Zurmehly J. The relationship of educational preparation, autonomy, and critical thinking to job satisfaction. J Contin Educ Nurs. 2008;39(10):453-460.

143. Institute of Medicine. The Future of Nursing: Leading Change, Advancing Health. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press; 2010.

144. American Nurses Association. Nurse Staffing. Available at Last accessed March 30, 2018.

145. American Nurses Association. Safe Staffing. Available at Last accessed March 30, 2018.

146. American Association of Nurse Anesthetists. Patient Safety: Fatigue, Sleep, and Work Schedule Effects. Available at Last accessed February 15, 2018.

147. National Association of Neonatal Nurses. The impact of advanced practice nurses' shift length and fatigue on patient safety: position statement #3057. Advances in Neonatal Care. 2012;12(3):189-200.

148. Armstrong J, Lederberg M, Holland J. Fellows' forum: a workshop on the stresses of being an oncologist. J Cancer Educ. 2004;19(2):88-90.

149. Kupperschmidt B, Kientz E, Ward J, Reinholz B. A healthy work environment: it begins with you. Online J Issues Nurs. 2010;15(1):3.

150. Karliner LS, Napoles-Springer AM, Schillinger D, Bibbins-Domingo K, Pérez-Stable EJ. Identification of limited English proficient patients in clinical care. J Gen Intern Med. 2008;23(10):1555-1560.

151. Flores G. The impact of medical interpreter services on the quality of health care: a systematic review. Med Care Res Rev. 2005;62(3):255-299.

152. Karliner LS, Jacobs EA, Chen AH, Mutha S. Do professional interpreters improve clinical care for patients with limited English proficiency? A systematic review of the literature. Health Serv Res. 2007;42(2):727-754.

153. American Association of Critical-Care Nurses. AACN Standards for Establishing and Sustaining Healthy Work Environments. Available at Last accessed February 15, 2018.

154. Stefancyk AL. One-hour, off-unit meal breaks. Am J Nurs. 2009;109(1):64-66.

155. Groff-Paris L, Terhaar M. Using Maslow's pyramid and the National Database of Nursing Quality Indicators to attain a healthier work environment. Online J Issues Nurs. 2010;16(1):6.

156. Sanders CL, Krugman M, Schloffman DH. Leading change to create a healthy and satisfying work environment. Nurs Adm Q. 2013;37(4):346-355.

157. Brunges M, Foley-Brinza C. Projects for increasing job satisfaction and creating a healthy work environment. AORN J. 2014;100(6):670-681.

158. U.S. Congress. H.R. 1821 (113th): Registered Nurse Safe Staffing Act of 2013. Last accessed February 15, 2018.

159. Oncology Nursing Society. The Impact of the National Nursing Shortage on Quality Cancer Care. Available at Last accessed February 15, 2018.

160. Lesniak J. The Case for Taking a Break. Available at Last accessed February 15, 2018.

161. Weston MJ. Strategies for enhancing autonomy and control over nursing practice. Online J Issues Nurs. 2010;15(1):2.

162. Doran D, Clarke S, Hayes L, Nincic V. Nurses' expert opinions of workplace interventions for a healthy working environment: a Delphi survey. Nurs Leadersh (Tor Ont). 2014;27(3):40-50.

163. Rosenstein AH, O'Daniel M. Managing disruptive physician behavior: impact on staff relationships and patient care. Neurology. 2008;70(17):1564-1570.

164. Smith AP. Partners at the bedside: the importance of nurse-physician relationships. Nurs Econ. 2004;22(3):161-164.

165. Maxson, Dozois EJ, Holubar SD, et al. Enhancing nurse and physician collaboration in clinical decision making through high-fidelity interdisciplinary simulation training. Mayo Clin Proc. 2011;86(1):31-36.

166. Puntillo KA, McAdam JL. Communication between physicians and nurses as a target for improving end-of-life care in the intensive care unit: challenges and opportunities for moving forward. Crit Care Med. 2006;34(11 Suppl):S332-S340.

167. Barrere C, Ellis P. Changing attitudes among nurses and physicians: a step toward collaboration. J Healthc Qual. 2002;24(3):9-15.

168. Fellowes D, Wilkinson S, Moore P. Communication skills training for health care professionals working with cancer patients, their families and/or carers. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2004;2:CD003751.

169. Armstrong J, Holland J. Surviving the stresses of clinical oncology by improving communication. Oncology (Williston Park). 2004;18(3):363-368.

170. Fukui S, Ogawa K, Ohtsuka M, Fukui N. A randomized study assessing the efficacy of communication skill training on patients' psychologic distress and coping: nurses' communication with patients just after being diagnosed with cancer. Cancer. 2008;113(6):1462-1470.

171. Wilkinson S, Perry R, Blanchard K, Linsell L. Effectiveness of a three-day communication skills course in changing nurses' communication skills with cancer/palliative care patients: a randomised controlled trial. Palliat Med. 2008;22(4):365-375.

172. Van Wyk BE, Pillay-Van Wyk V. Preventive staff-support interventions for health workers. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2014;4:CD003541.

173. Payne N. Occupational stressors and coping as determinants of burnout in female hospice nurses. J Adv Nurs. 2001;33(3):396-405.

174. Medland J, Howard-Ruben J, Whitaker E. Fostering psychosocial wellness in oncology nurses: addressing burnout and social support in the workplace. Oncol Nurs Forum. 2004;31(1):47-54.

175. Milazzo V. Are You Way Too Stressed Out? Survey Results. An Assessment of the Stress Levels of Nurses in the United States. Available at Last accessed February 15, 2018.

176. Davey MM, Cummings G, Newburn-Cook CV, Lo EA. Predictors of nurse absenteeism in hospitals: a systematic review. J Nurs Manag. 2009;17(3):312-330.

177. Alkema K, Linton JM, Davies R. A study of the relationship between self-care, compassion satisfaction, compassion fatigue, and burnout among hospice professionals. J Soc Work End Life Palliat Care. 2008;4(2):101-119.

178. Zhang X, Tai D, Pforsich H, Lin VW. United States registered nurse workforce report card and shortage forecast: a revisit. Gen Intern Med. 2017; [Epub ahead of print].

179. Bianchi R, Schonfeld IS, Laurent E. Is it time to consider the "burnout syndrome" a distinct illness? Frontiers in Public Health. 2015;3:158.

180. Peckham C. Medscape Lifestyle Report 2017: Race and Ethnicity, Bias and Burnout. Available at Last accessed February 15, 2018.

181. Van Mol MMC, Kompanje EJO, Benoit DD, et al. The prevalence of compassion fatigue and burnout among healthcare professionals in intensive care units: a systematic review. PLoS ONE. 2015;10(8).

182. AMN Healthcare. 2017 Survey of Registered Nurses. Available at Last accessed February 15, 2018.

183. Sutherland S. Survey Finds Nearly Half of Nurses Considering Leaving the Profession. Available at Last accessed February 15, 2018.

184. Ehsani SR, Cheraghi MA, Nejati A, Salari A, Esmaeilpoor AH, Nejad EM. Medication errors of nurses in the emergency department. J Med Ethics Hist Med. 2013;6:11.

185. Lee A, Cheung YSL, Joynt GM, Leung CCH, Wong W-T, Gomersall CD. Are high nurse workload/staffing ratios associated with decreased survival in critically ill patients? A cohort study. Ann Intensive Care. 2017;7:46.

186. U.S. Congress. H.R. 2083 (114th): Registered Nurse Safe Staffing Act of 2015. Available at Last accessed February 15, 2018.

Copyright © 2018 NetCE, P.O. Box 997571, Sacramento, CA 95899-7571
Mention of commercial products does not indicate endorsement.