Works Cited

1. Andreasen JO, Andreasen FM, Anderson L (eds). Textbook and Color Atlas of Traumatic Injuries to the Teeth. 5th ed. Oxford: Wiley Blackwell; 2018.

2. Flores MT. Traumatic injuries in the primary dentition. Dent Traumatol. 2002;18(6):287-298.

3. The International Association of Dental Traumatology. Dental Trauma Guidelines. Available at Last accessed June 6, 2018.

4. Bakland LK, Andreasen JO. Dental traumatology: essential diagnosis and treatment planning. Endodontic Topics. 2004;7:14-34.

5. Dental Trauma Guide. Permanent Teeth. Available at Last accessed June 6, 2018.

6. Dean JA, McDonald RE, Avery DR. Dentistry for the Child and Adolescent. 9th ed. Maryland Heights, MO: Mosby; 2011.

7. Bui DX. Dentinal Hypersensitivity. Available at Last accessed June 6, 2018.

8. Lawson NC, Cakir D, Beck P, Ramp L, Burgess JO. Effect of light activation on resin-modified glass ionomer shear bond strength. Oper Dent. 2012;37(4):380-385.

9. Willerhausen B, Willerhausen I, Ross A, Kasaj A, Biettner M. Retrospective study on direct pulp capping with calcium hydroxide. Quintessence Int. 2011;42(2):165-171.

10. Dominguez MS, Witherspoon DE, Gutman JL, Opperman LA. Histological and scanning electron microscopy assessment of various pulp-therapy materials. J Endodontic. 2003;29(5):324-333.

11. Bindslev-Hosted P, Lovschall H. Treatment outcome of vital pulp treatment. Endodontic Top. 2002;2:24-34.

12. Goldberg M, Lacerda-Pinheiro S, Jegat N, et al. Bioactive molecules stimulate tooth repair and regeneration. J Hard Tissue Biol. 2006;15(2):36-45.

13. Weiner R. Liners, Bases, and Cements in Clinical Dentistry: A Review and Update. Available at Last accessed June 6, 2018.

14. Rao A, Rao A, Shenoy R. Mineral trioxide aggregate: a review. J Clin Pediatr Dent. 2009;34(1):1-7.

15. Aeinehchi M, Eslami B, Ghanbariha M, Saffar AS. Mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) as pulp-capping agents in human teeth: a preliminary report. Int Endodontic J. 2003;36(3):225-231.

16. Malkondu O, Kazandag MK, Kazazoglu E. A review on Biodentine, a contemporary dentine replacement and repair material. Biomed Res Int. 2014;10:160951.

17. Goldstein S, Sedaghat-Zandi A, Greenberg M, Friedman S. Apexification and apexogenesis. N Y State Dent J. 1999;65(5):23-25.

18. Jackson N, Waterhouse P, Maguire A. Factors affecting treatment outcomes following complicated crown fractures managed in primary and secondary care. Dent Traumatol. 2006;22(4):179-185.

19. Abarajithan M, Velmurugan N, Kandaswamy D. Management of recently traumatized maxillary central Incisors by partial pulpotomy using MTA: case reports with two-year follow-up. J Conserv Dent. 2010;13(2):110-113.

20. Cox CF, Subay RK, Ostro E, Suzuki SH. Tunnel defects in dentin bridges: their formation following direct pulp capping. Oper Dent. 1996;21(1):4-11.

21. Moghaddame-Jafari S, Mantellini MG, Botero TM, McDonald NJ, Nor JE. In vitro effect of ProRoot MTA on pulp cell apoptosis and proliferation. J Endodontic. 2005;31(5):387-391.

22. Caprioglio A, Conti V, Caprioglio C, Caprioglio D. A long-term retrospective clinical study on MTA pulpotomies in immature permanent incisors with complicated crown fractures. Eur J Paediatr Dent. 2014;15(1):29-34.

23. The American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry. Guideline on Pulp Therapy for Primary and Immature Permanent Teeth. Available at Last accessed June 6, 2018.

24. Beslot-Neveu A, Bonte E, Baune B, et al. Mineral trioxide aggregate versus calcium hydroxide in apexification of non-vital immature teeth: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Trials. 2011;12:174.

25. Waterhouse PJ, Whitworth JM. Pediatric endodontics: endodontic treatment for the primary and young permanent dentition. In: Hargreaves KM, Berman LH (eds). Pathways of the Pulp. 11th ed. St. Louis, MO: Mosby Elsevier; 2016: e1-e19.

26. Wolner-Hanssen AB, von Arx T. Permanent teeth with horizontal root fractures after dental trauma: a retrospective study.Schweiz Monatsschr Zahnmed. 2010;120(3):200-206.

27. Majorana A, Pasini S, Bardellini E, Keller E. Clinical and epidemiological study of traumatic root fractures. Dent Traumatol. 2002;18(2):77-80.

28. Malhotra N, Kundabala M, Acharaya S. A review of root fractures: diagnosis, treatment and prognosis. Dent Update. 2011;38(9):615-616, 619-620, 623-624.

29. Aras MH, Ozcran E, Zorba YO, Aslan M. Treatment of traumatized maxillary permanent lateral and central incisors horizontal root fractures. Indian J Dent Res. 2008;19(4):354-356.

30. Cvek M , Tslinggardis G, Andreasen JO. Survival of 534 incisors after intra-alveolar root fractures in patients aged 7-17 years.Dent Traumatol. 2008;24(4):379-387.

31. Poi WR, Manfrin TM, Holland R, Sonoda CK. Repair characteristics of horizontal root fracture: a case report. Dent Traumatol. 2002;18(2):98-102.

32. Flores MT, Andersson L, Andreasen JO, et al. Guidelines for the management of traumatic dental injuries. I. Fractures and luxations of permanent teeth. Dent Traumatol. 2007;23(4):66-71.

33. The American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry. Guideline on Management of Acute Dental Trauma. Available at Last accessed June 6, 2018.

34. Andreasen JO, Andreasen FM. Essentials of Traumatic Injuries to the Teeth. 2nd ed. Copenhagen: Munksgaard and Mosby; 2009.

35. Holan G, McTigue D. Introduction to dental trauma: managing traumatic injuries to the primary dentition. In: Casamassimo PS, Fields HW Jr, McTigue DJ, Nowak A (eds). Pediatric Dentistry: Infancy through Adolescence. 5th ed. St. Louis, MO: Elsevier Saunders; 2012: 236-256.

36. Andreasen J, Cornelius CP, Gellrich N, Hillerup S, Kusumoto K, Schubert W. Dentoalveolar Trauma: Diagnosis. Available at Last accessed June 6, 2018.

37. Gupta M. Intrusive luxation in primary teeth: review of the literature and report of a case. Saudi Dent J. 2011;23(4):167-176.

38. Godim JO, Moreira Neto JJ. Evaluation of intruded primary incisors. Dent Traumatol. 2005;21(3):131-133.

39. Flores M, Malmgren B, Andersson L, et al. Guidelines for the management of traumatic dental injuries. III. Primary teeth. Dent Traumatol. 2007;23(4):196-202.

40. Trope M. Clinical management of the avulsed tooth: present strategies and future directions. Dent Traumatol. 2002;18(1):1-11.

41. Kinirons M, Boyd D, Gregg T. Inflammatory and replacement resorption in reimplanted permanent incisor teeth: a study of the characteristics of 84 teeth. Endodontic Dent Traumatol. 2000;15(6):269-272.

42. Sigalas E, Regan J, Kramer P, Witherspoon D, Opperman L. Survival of human periodontal ligament cells in media proposed for transport of avulsed teeth. Dent Traumatol. 2004;20(1):21-28.

43. Dental Trauma Guide. Avulsion: IADT Treatment Guidelines for Avulsion. Available at Last accessed June 6, 2018.

44. Cvek M, Cleaton-Jones P, Austin J, Lownie J, Kling M, Fatti P. Effect of topical application of doxycycline on pulp revascularization and periodontal healing in reimplanted monkey incisors. Endodontic Dent Traumatol. 1990;6(4):170-177.

45. McIntyre J, Lee J, Trope M, Vann WJ. Permanent tooth replantation following avulsion: using a decision tree to achieve best outcome. Pediatr Dent. 2009;31(2):137-144.

46. Shah A, Qureshi Z. Post management complications of fracture mandible at the angle: an analysis. Pakistan Oral Dent J. 2011;31(2):260-262.

47. MD Guidelines. Fracture Jaw (Mandible and Maxilla). Available at Last accessed June 6, 2018.

48. Furr AM, Schweinfurth JM, May WL. Factors associated with long-term complications after repair of mandibular fractures. Laryngoscope. 2006;116(3):427-430.

50. Wolford LM, Eber Stevao LL. Considerations in nerve repair. Baylor University Medical Center Proceedings. 2003;16(2):152-156.

51. Aksoy E, Unlu E, Sensoz O. A retrospective study on epidemiology and treatment of maxillofacial fractures. J Craniofac Surg. 2002;13(6):772-775.

52. Moe KS, Byrne P, Kim DW. Maxillary and Le Fort Fractures. Available at Last accessed June 6, 2018.

53. Polat HB, Ay S, Kara MI. Maxillary tuberosity fracture associated with first molar extraction: a case report. Eur J Dent. 2007;1(4):256-259.

54. Kurtz-Weidinger D. Infant and Youth Health: Dental Team's Responsibility in Reporting Child Abuse and Neglect. Available at Last accessed June 6, 2018.

55. Becker DB, Needleman HL, Kotelchuck M. Child abuse and dentistry: orofacial trauma and its recognition by dentists. J Am Dent Assoc. 1978;97(1):24-28.

56. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey: 2015 Data Brief. Available at Last accessed June 6, 2018.

Evidence-Based Practice Recommendations Citations

1. American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry. Management Considerations for Pediatric Oral Surgery and Oral Pathology. Chicago, IL: American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry; 2015. Available at Last accessed June 16, 2018.

Copyright © 2018 NetCE, P.O. Box 997571, Sacramento, CA 95899-7571
Mention of commercial products does not indicate endorsement.