Works Cited

1. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Employer-Reported Workplace Injury and Illness Summary. Available at https://www.bls.gov/news.release/osh.nr0.htm. Last accessed January 9, 2020.

2. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries Summary, 2018. Available at https://www.bls.gov/news.release/cfoi.nr0.htm. Last accessed January 9, 2020.

3. Occupational Safety and Health Administration. About OSHA. Available at https://www.osha.gov/aboutosha. Last accessed January 9, 2020.

4. Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission. About the Commission. Available at https://www.oshrc.gov. Last accessed January 9, 2020.

5. The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). About NIOSH. Available at https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/about. Last accessed January 9, 2020.

6. Occupational Safety and Health Administration. OSH Act 1970: Sec. 17. Penalties. Available at https://www.osha.gov/laws-regs/oshact/section_17. Last accessed January 9, 2020.

7. Gershon RR, Karkashian CD, Grosch JW, et al. Hospital safety climate and its relationship with safe work practices and workplace exposure incidents. Am J Infect Control. 2000;28(3):211-221.

8. Occupational Safety and Health Administration. Safety and Health Topics: Healthcare. Available at https://www.osha.gov/SLTC/healthcarefacilities. Last accessed January 9, 2020.

9. U.S. National Archives and Records Administration. Code of Federal Regulations. Washington, DC: Occupational Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Department of Labor; 2004.

10. Occupational Safety and Health Administration. Occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogens; needlesticks and other sharps injuries; final rule. Fed Regist. 2001;66(12):5318-5325.

11. Occupational Safety and Health Administration. News Release: OSHA's Return to Basics. Available at https://www.osha.gov/news/speeches/10062010. Last accessed January 9, 2020.

12. Occupational Safety and Health Administration. Bloodborne Pathogens and Needlestick Prevention. Available at https://www.osha.gov/SLTC/bloodbornepathogens/index.html. Last accessed January 9, 2020.

13. Occupational Safety and Health Administration. Standard Interpretations: 1910.1030. Applicability of Bloodborne Pathogens Standard to Emergency Responders, Decontamination, Housekeeping, and Good Samaritan Acts. Available at https://www.osha.gov/laws-regs/standardinterpretations/standardnumber/1910/1910.1030%20-%20Index/result. Last accessed January 9, 2020.

14. Occupational Safety and Health Administration. Standard Interpretations: 1910.1030. Bloodborne Pathogen Standard's Applicability to Non-Health Care Industries. Available at https://www.osha.gov/laws-regs/standardinterpretations/standardnumber/1910/1910.1030%20-%20Index/result. Last accessed January 9, 2020.

15. Occupational Safety and Health Administration. Standard Interpretations: 1910.1030(a). Coverage of the BBP Standard for Good Samaritan Acts and Personal Medical Conditions. Available at https://www.osha.gov/laws-regs/standardinterpretations/2001-03-23-1. Last accessed January 9, 2020.

16. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Updated U.S. Public Health Service guidelines for the management of occupational exposures to HBV, HCV, and HIV and recommendations for postexposure prophylaxis. MMWR. 2001;50(RR11):1-42.

17. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Exposure to Blood. What Healthcare Personnel Need to Know. Available at https://www.cdc.gov/HAI/pdfs/bbp/Exp_to_Blood.pdf. Last accessed January 9, 2020.

18. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Oral Health: Infection Control. Available at https://www.cdc.gov/oralhealth/infectioncontrol/index.html. Last accessed January 9, 2020.

19. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Hepatitis C FAQs for Health Professionals. Available at https://www.cdc.gov/hepatitis/HCV/HCVfaq.htm. Last accessed January 9, 2020.

20. Davis MS. How to stamp out sharps injuries. Outpatient Surg. 2000;1(4).

21. Bailly F, Ahmed SN, Pradat P, Trepo C. Management of nonresponsive hepatitis C. Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther. 2010;8(4):379-395.

22. Ridruejo E. Predictors of Response to Chronic Hepatitis C Treatment. Available at https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/775545. Last accessed January 9, 2020.

23. Poordad F, McCone J, Bacon BR et al. Boceprevir for untreated chronic HCV genotype 1 infection. N Engl J Med. 2011; 364(13):1195-1206.

24. Jacobson IM, McHutchison JG, Dusheiko G et al. Telaprevir for previously untreated chronic hepatitis C virus infection. N Engl J Med. 2011;364(25):2405-2416.

25. Bacon BR, Gordon SC, Lawitz E et al. Boceprevir for previously treated chronic HCV genotype 1 infection. N Engl J Med. 2011;364(13):1207-1217.

26. Zeuzem S, Andreone P, Pol S et al. Telaprevir for retreatment of HCV infection. N Engl J Med. 2011;364(25):2417-2428.

27. Kuhar DT, Henderson DK, Struble KA, et al. Updated U.S. Public Health Service guidelines for the management of occupational exposures to human immunodeficiency virus and recommendations for postexposure prophylaxis. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2013;34(9):875-892.

28. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Hepatitis B FAQs for Health Professionals. Available at https://www.cdc.gov/hepatitis/HBV/HBVfaq.htm. Last accessed January 9, 2020.

29. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. Preventing Needlestick Injuries in Health Care Settings. Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; 1999.

30. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Workbook for Designing, Implementing, and Evaluating a Sharps Injury Prevention Program. Available at https://www.cdc.gov/sharpssafety/pdf/sharpsworkbook_2008.pdf. Last accessed January 9, 2020.

31. Zerbe M, McArdle A, Goldrick B. Exposure risks related to the management of three wound drainage systems. Am J Infect Control. 1996;24(5):346-352.

32. Snider GL. Tuberculosis then and now: a personal perspective on the last 50 years. Ann Intern Med. 1997;126(3):237-243.

33. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Fact Sheet: Trends in Tuberculosis, 2018. Available at https://www.cdc.gov/tb/publications/factsheets/statistics/TBTrends.htm. Last accessed January 9, 2020.

34. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Latent Tuberculosis Infection: A Guide for Primary Health Care Providers. Available at https://www.cdc.gov/tb/publications/ltbi/default.htm. Last accessed January 9, 2020.

35. Hauck FR, Neese BH, Panchal AS, El-Amin W. Identification and management of latent tuberculosis infection. Am Fam Physician. 2009;79(10):879-886.

36. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Tuberculosis control laws-United States, 1993: recommendations of the Advisory Council for the Elimination of Tuberculosis (ACET). MMWR. 1993;42(RR15):1-28.

37. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Tuberculosis (TB). Infection Control in Healthcare Settings. Available at https://www.cdc.gov/tb/topic/infectioncontrol/default.htm. Last accessed January 9, 2020.

38. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Tuberculosis (TB). Fact Sheet. Infection Control in Health-Care Settings. Available at https://www.cdc.gov/tb/publications/factsheets/prevention/ichcs.htm. Last accessed January 9, 2020.

39. U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration. Occupational exposure to tuberculosis. Fed Regist. 2003;68(250):75768-75775.

40. U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI): Current and Revised Data. Available at https://www.bls.gov/iif/oshcfoi1.htm. Last accessed January 6, 2020.

41. U.S. Department of Labor. OSHA Penalties. Available at https://www.osha.gov/penalties. Last accessed January 9, 2020.

42. U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration. Infectious diseases: proposed rules. Fed Regist. 2010;75(87):24835-24844.

43. Occupational Safety and Health Administration. Safety and Health Topics: Respiratory Protection. Available at https://www.osha.gov/SLTC/respiratoryprotection/index.html. Last accessed January 9, 2020.

44. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Guidelines for preventing the transmission of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in health-care settings, 2005. MMWR. 2005;54(RR17):1-141.

45. Grainger. OSHA Recordkeeping Requirements (Updated for 2015 and 2016). Available at https://www.grainger.com/know-how/safety/safety-management/safety-compliance/kh-osha-recordkeeping-requirements. Last accessed January 9, 2020.

46. Occupational Safety and Health Administration. OSHA Forms for Recording Work-Related Injuries and Illnesses. Available at https://www.osha.gov/recordkeeping/new-osha300form1-1-04-FormsOnly.pdf. Last accessed January 9, 2020.

47. California Department of Industrial Relations. Cal/OSHA-Guide. Available at https://www.dir.ca.gov/dosh/dosh_publications/IIPP.html. Last accessed January 6, 2020.

48. Insurance Journal. Okla. Workers' Comp Reform Passes in Special Session. Available at https://www.insurancejournal.com/magazines/mag-features/2005/06/20/56975.htm. Last accessed January 6, 2020.

49. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Economic News Release. Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries Summary, 2018. Available at https://www.bls.gov/news.release/cfoi.nr0.htm. Last accessed January 6, 2020.

50. Occupational Safety and Health Administration. Guidelines for Preventing Workplace Violence for Health Care and Social Service Workers. Available at https://www.osha.gov/Publications/osha3148.pdf. Last accessed January 6, 2020.

51. Occupational Safety and Health Administration. Workplace Violence Prevention: Health Care and Social Service Workers. Available at https://www.osha.gov/dte/library/wp-violence/healthcare/wpvhealth.ppt. Last accessed January 9, 2020.

52. Grainger. The Hazard Communication Standard. Available at https://safety.grainger.com/facilities/hazard-communication-standards. Last accessed January 6, 2020.

53. Foulke EG Jr. Guidance for hazard determination for compliance with the OSHA Hazard Communication Standard (29 CFR 1910.1200). Available at https://www.osha.gov/dsg/hazcom/ghd053107.html. Last accessed January 9, 2020.

54. World Health Organization. Health-Care Waste. Available at https://www.who.int/en/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/health-care-waste. Last accessed January 7, 2020.

55. Blumstein S, Zeller J, Sharbaugh B. APIC commentary on "Healthcare waste management: a template for action." Am J Infect Control. 2000;28(2):e1-e2.

56. Hospitals for a Healthy Environment. 10 Steps to Implementing a Regulated Medical Waste Reduction Plan. Available at http://www.hercenter.org/wastereduction/reducing_steps.html. Last accessed January 9, 2020.

57. Belkin NL. Managing waste via source reduction. Am J Infect Control. 2000;28(4):324-325.

58. Shands L. Radiation dosimetry monitoring. Environment Care News. 2000;3(1):8-9.

59. Occupational Safety and Health Administration. Memorandum of Understanding between the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission and the Occupational Safety and Health Administration. Available at https://www.osha.gov/laws-regs/mou/2013-09-06. Last accessed January 7, 2020.

60. The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. Sick Building Syndrome and Building-Related Illness. Available at https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/nioshtic-2/20031618.html. Last accessed January 9, 2020.

61. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Workplace Safety and Health Topics: Indoor Environmental Quality. Available at https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/indoorenv. Last accessed January 9, 2020.

62. Environmental Protection Agency. Indoor Air Facts No. 4 (Revised): Sick Building Syndrome. Available at https://www.epa.gov/sites/production/files/2014-08/documents/sick_building_factsheet.pdf. Last accessed January 9, 2020.

63. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. Waste Anesthetic Gases: Occupational Hazards in Hospitals. Available at https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2007-151. Last accessed January 9, 2020.

64. Ergoweb. History. Available at https://ergoweb.com/about-ergoweb. Last accessed January 9, 2020.

65. Grainger. Prevent Workplace Injuries with Ergonomics. Available at https://www.grainger.com/know-how/health/workplace-ergonomics/kh-prevent-injuries-ergonomics-in-the-workplace. Last accessed January 8, 2020.

66. Occupational Safety and Health Administration. Safety and Health Topics: Ergonomics. Prevention of Musculoskeletal Disorders in the Workplace. Available at https://www.osha.gov/SLTC/ergonomics. Last accessed January 9, 2020.

67. Watchman GR. Working Safely with Video Display Terminals: OSHA 3092. Available at https://chemistry.osu.edu/sites/chemistry.osu.edu/files/OSHA%20Working%20Safely%20With%20Video%20Display%20Terminals.pdf. Last accessed January 9, 2020.

68. Occupational Safety and Health Administration. Computer Workstations. Available at https://www.osha.gov/SLTC/etools/computerworkstations/index.html. Last accessed January 9, 2020.

69. Occupational Safety and Health Administration. Ergonomics Program. Available at https://www.osha.gov/pls/oshaweb/owadisp.show_document?p_table=federal_register&p_id=16305. Last accessed January 9, 2020.

70. American Federation of Labor-Congress of Industrial Organizations. Chronology of OSHA's Ergonomics Standard and the Business Campaign Against It. Available at http://www.bctgm.org/PDFs/Chronology%20of%20Ergo%20Regulations.pdf. Last accessed January 9, 2020.

71. Occupational Safety and Health Administration. Worker Safety in Hospitals. Available at https://www.osha.gov/dsg/hospitals. Last accessed January 9, 2020.

72. Occupational Safety and Health Administration. Worker Safety in Hospitals. MSD Assessment. Available at https://www.osha.gov/dsg/hospitals/msd_assessment.html. Last accessed January 9, 2020.

73. Occupational Safety and Health Administration. Sec. 5: Duties. Available at https://www.osha.gov/laws-regs/oshact/section5-duties. Last accessed January 9, 2020.

74. Occupational Safety and Health Administration. Ergonomics: Standards and Enforcement FAQs. Available at https://www.osha.gov/SLTC/ergonomics/faqs.html. Last accessed January 9, 2020.

75. The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). Latex Allergies. Available at https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/latex. Last accessed January 9, 2020.

76. Occupational Safety and Health Administration. Safety and Health Topics: Latex Allergy. Available at https://www.osha.gov/SLTC/latexallergy/index.html. Last accessed January 9, 2020.

77. Smith AM, Amin HS, Biagini RE, et al. Percutaneous reactivity to natural rubber latex proteins persists in health-care workers following avoidance of natural rubber latex. Clin Exp Allergy. 2007;37(9):1349-1356.

78. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. Preventing Allergic Reactions to Natural Rubber Latex in the Workplace. Available at https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/97-135. Last accessed January 9, 2020.

79. Mayo Clinic. Latex Allergy: Symptoms. Available at https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/latex-allergy/symptoms-causes/syc-20374287. Last accessed January 9, 2020.

80. Occupational Safety and Health Administration. Training Requirements in OSHA Standards. Available at https://www.osha.gov/Publications/osha2254.pdf. Last accessed January 9, 2020.

81. Grainger. OSHA Consultation. Available at https://www.grainger.com/content/qt-185-osha-consultation. Last accessed January 8, 2020.

82. Grainger. OSHA Inspections. Available at https://www.grainger.com/content/qt-211-osha-inspections. Last accessed January 8, 2020.

83. Occupational Safety and Health Administration. OSHA Fact Sheet: OSHA Inspections. Available at https://www.osha.gov/OshDoc/data_General_Facts/factsheet-inspections.pdf. Last accessed January 8, 2020.

84. Center for Disease Control and Prevention. Tuberculosis: Vaccines. Available at https://www.cdc.gov/tb/topic/basics/vaccines.htm. Last accessed January 9, 2020.

85. American Academy of Family Physicians. CDC Updates TB Recommendations for Health Care Workers. Available at https://www.aafp.org/news/health-of-the-public/20190522tbguidelineupdt.html. Last accessed January 9, 2020.

86. Sosa LE, Njie GJ, Lobato MN, et al. Tuberculosis screening, testing, and treatment of U.S. health care personnel: recommendations from the National Tuberculosis Controllers Association and CDC, 2019. MMWR. 2019;68(19):439-443.

Evidence-Based Practice Recommendations Citations

1. Association of periOperative Registered Nurses. Recommended practices for prevention of transmissible infections in the perioperative setting. In: Perioperative Standards and Recommended Practices. Denver, CO: Association of periOperative Registered Nurses; 2012. Summary retrieved from Guideline Central at https://www.guidelinecentral.com/summaries/recommended-practices-for-prevention-of-transmissible-infections-in-the-perioperative-practice-setting. Last accessed January 17, 2020.

2. Apfelbaum JL, Task Force on Operating Room Fires. Practice advisory for the prevention and management of operating room fires: an updated report by the American Society of Anesthesiologists Task Force on Operating Room Fires. Anesthesiology. 2013;118(2):271-290. Available at https://anesthesiology.pubs.asahq.org/article.aspx?articleid=1918685. Last accessed January 17, 2020.


Copyright © 2020 NetCE, P.O. Box 997571, Sacramento, CA 95899-7571
Mention of commercial products does not indicate endorsement.