Works Cited

1. Flood KL, Rohlfing A, Le CV, Carr DB, Rich MW. Geriatric syndromes in elderly patients admitted to an inpatient cardiology ward. J Hosp Med. 2007;2(6):394-400.

2. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. 2.5 Million Americans Living with an Artificial Hip, 4.7 Million with an Artificial Knee. Available at http://newsroom.aaos.org/media-resources/Press-releases/25-million-americans-living-with-an-artificial-hip-47-million-with-an-artificial-knee.htm. Last accessed December 2, 2020.

3. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Hospital Utilization (in Non-Federal Short-Stay Hospitals). Available at https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/fastats/hospital.htm. Last accessed December 3, 2020.

4. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National Center for Health Statistics. National Hospital Discharge Survey. Procedures by Selected Patient Characteristics: Number by Procedure Category and Sex: 2010. Available at https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhds/nhds_tables.htm#procedures. Last accessed December 3, 2020.

5. Thompson JS, Baxter BT, Allison JG, Johnson FE, Lee KK, Park WY. Temporal patterns of postoperative complications. Arch Surg. 2003;138(6):596-602.

6. Jefferies S, Weatherall M, Young P, Beasley R. A systematic review of the accuracy of peripheral thermometry in estimating core temperatures among febrile critically ill patients. Crit Care Resusc. 2011;13(3):194-199.

7. Pessaux P, Msika S, Atalla D, Hay JM, Flamant Y, French Associations for Surgical Research. Risk factors for postoperative infectious complications in noncolorectal abdominal surgery: a multivariate analysis based on a prospective multicenter study of 4718 patients. Arch Surg. 2003;138:314-324.

8. Barclay L. Pulmonary Complications of Major Abdominal Surgery May Be Increasing in the US. Available at https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/557529. Last accessed December 7, 2020.

9. Bottai V, Dell'Osso G, Celli F, et al. Total hip replacement in osteoarthritis: the role of bone metabolism and its complications. Clin Cases Miner Bone Metab. 2015;12(3):247-250.

10. Bagaria V, Modi N, Panghate A, Vaidya S. Incidence and risk factors for development of venous thromboembolism in Indian patients undergoing major orthopaedic surgery: results of a prospective study. Postgrad Med J. 2006;82:136-139.

11. Deitelzweig SB, McKean SC, Amin AN, Brotman DJ, Jaffer AK, Spyropoulos AC. Prevention of venous thromboembolism in the orthopedic surgery patient. Cleve Clin J Med. 2008;75(suppl 3):S27.

12. Berghella V, Baxter JK, Chauhan SP. Evidence-based surgery for cesarean delivery. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2005;193(5):1607-1617.

13. American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses. ASPAN's evidence-based clinical practice guideline for the prevention and/or management of PONV/PDNV. J Perianesth Nurs. 2006;21(4):230-250.

14. Gan TJ, Diemunsch P, Habib AS, et al. Consensus guidelines for the management of postoperative nausea and vomiting. Anesth Analg. 2014;118:85-113.

15. Gan TJ, Meyer TA, Apfel CC, et al. Society for Ambulatory Anesthesia guidelines for the management of postoperative nausea and vomiting. Anesth Analg. 2007;105:1615-1628.

16. Lexicomp Online. Available at https://online.lexi.com. Last accessed December 11, 2020.

17. White PF. Prevention of postoperative nausea and vomiting—a multimodal solution to a persistent problem. N Engl J Med. 2004;350(24):2511-2512.

18. Lee A, Done ML. Stimulation of the wrist acupuncture point P6 for preventing postoperative nausea and vomiting. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2004;3:CD003281.

19. Lee A, Fan LT. Stimulation of the wrist acupuncture point P6 for preventing postoperative nausea and vomiting. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2009;15(2):CD003281.

20. Vutyavanich T, Kraisarin T, Ruangsri R. Ginger for nausea and vomiting in pregnancy: randomized, double-masked, placebo-controlled trial. Obstet Gynecol. 2001;97(4):577-582.

21. National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health. Lavender. Available at https://www.nccih.nih.gov/health/lavender. Last accessed December 11, 2020.

22. Mamaril ME, Windle PE, Burkard JF. Prevention and management of postoperative nausea and vomiting: a look at complementary techniques. J Perianesth Nurs. 2006;21(6):404-410.

23. Hodge NS, McCarthy MS, Pierce RM. A prospective randomized study of the effectiveness of aromatherapy for relief of postoperative nausea and vomiting. J Perianesth Nurs. 2014;29(1):5-11.

24. Malignant Hyperthermia Association of the United States. What is MH? Available at https://www.mhaus.org/faqs/. Last accessed December 12, 2020.

25. Chapin JW. Malignant Hyperthermia Workup. Available at https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/2231150-workup. Last accessed December 12, 2020.

26. Ali SZ, Taguchi A, Rosenberg H. Malignant hyperthermia. Best Pract Res Clin Anaesthesiol. 2003;17(4):519-533.

28. Gomez MA, Canseco HC, Tovar BD, et al. Postoperative hypothermia: role of the nurses' aide in ensuring the patient's well-being and comfort. Enferm Clin. 2009;19(1):48-51.

29. Karalapillai D, Story D, Hart GK, et al. Postoperative hypothermia and patient outcomes after elective cardiac surgery. Anaesthesia. 2011;66(9):780-784.

30. American Society of Anesthesiologists Task Force on Acute Pain Management. Practice guidelines for acute pain management in the perioperative setting: an updated report by the American Society of Anesthesiologists Task Force on Acute Pain Management. Anesthesiol. 2004;100(6):1573-1581.

31. Tie HT, Su GZ, He K, Liang SR, Yuan HW, Mou JH. Efficacy and safety of ondansetron in preventing postanesthesia shivering: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. BMC Anesthesiol. 2014;14:12.

32. Geriatrics and Extended Care Strategic Healthcare Group: National Pain Management Coordinating Committee. Pain as the 5th Vital Sign Toolkit. Washington, DC: Veterans Health Administration; 2000.

33. American Society of Anesthesiologists Task Force on Acute Pain Management. Practice guidelines for acute pain management in the perioperative setting: an updated report by the American Society of Anesthesiologists Task Force on Acute Pain Management. Anesthesiol. 2012;116(2):248-273.

34. Dahl JB, Nielsen RV, Wetterslev J, et al. Post-operative analgesic effects of paracetamol, NSAIDs, glucocorticoids, gabapentinoids and their combinations: a topical review. Acta Anesthesiol Scand. 2014;58(10):1165-1181.

35. Wick EC, Grant MC, Wu CL. Postoperative multimodal analgesia pain management with nonopioid analgesics and techniques: a review. JAMA Surg. 2017;152(7):691-697.

36. Tan M, Law LS, Gan TJ. Optimizing pain management to facilitate Enhanced Recovery After Surgery pathways. Can J Anaesth. 2015;62(2):203-218.

37. Stanford Health Care. General Surgery: Postoperative Complications. Available at https://stanfordhealthcare.org/medical-clinics/surgery-clinic/what-to-expect/complications.html. Last accessed December 12, 2020.

38. Conde MV, Adams SG. Overview of the Management of Postoperative Pulmonary Complications. Available at https://www.uptodate.com/contents/overview-of-the-management-of-postoperative-pulmonary-complications. Last accessed December 12, 2020.

39. Osborne S, Gardner G, Gardner A, Franklin S, Tuohy E, Fisher A. Using a monitored sip test to assess risk of aspiration in postoperative patients. AORN J. 2006;83(4):908-928.

40. American Society of Anesthesiologists Committee on Standards and Practice Parameters. Practice guidelines for preoperative fasting and the use of pharmacologic agents to reduce the risk of pulmonary aspiration: application to healthy patients undergoing elective procedures: an updated report by the American Society of Anesthesiologists Task Force on Preoperative Fasting and the Use of Pharmacologic Agents to Reduce the Risk of Pulmonary Aspiration. Anesthesiol. 2017;126(3):376-393.

41. American Society of Anesthesiologists Committee on Standards and Practice Parameters. Practice guidelines for preoperative fasting and the use of pharmacologic agents to reduce the risk of pulmonary aspiration: application to healthy patients undergoing elective procedures. Anesthesiol. 2011;114(3):495-511.

42. Ead H. Review of laryngospasm and noncardiogenic pulmonary edema. Dynamics. 2003;14(3):9-12.

43. Boshkov LK. Transfusion-related acute lung injury and the ICU. Crit Care Clin. 2005;21(3):479-495.

44. Benjamin RJ. Tracking TRALI in target populations. Blood. 2011;117(16):4163-4164.

45. Graesdal A, Aagnes I, Lappegard KT. Postoperative cardiovascular complications. Tidsskr nor Laegeforen. 2005;125(21):2942-2945.

46. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. High Blood Pressure Facts. Available at https://www.cdc.gov/bloodpressure/facts.htm. Last accessed December 13, 2020.

47. Haas CE, LeBlanc JM. Acute postoperative hypertension: a review of therapeutic options. Am J Health-Syst Pharm. 2004;61(16):1661-1673.

48. Walsh ST, Tang T, Wijewardena C, Yarham SI, Boyle JR, Gaunt ME. Postoperative arrhythmias in general surgical patients. Ann R Coll Surg Engl. 2007;89(2):91-95.

49. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. Venous Thromboembolism. Available at https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health-topics/venous-thromboembolism. Last accessed December 13, 2020.

50. Guyatt GH, Aki EA, Crowther M, Schunermann HJ, Gutterman DD, Lewis SZ. Antithrombotic therapy and prevention of thrombosis, 9th ed: American College of Chest Physicians evidence-based clinical practice guidelines. Chest. 2012;141 (2 Suppl):48S-52S.

51. Geerts WH, Pineo GF, Heit JA, et al. Prevention of venous thromboembolism: American College of Chest Physicians evidence-based clinical practice guidelines (8th ed). Chest. 2008;133(6 suppl):381S-453S.

52. Radhakrishnan J, Jesudasan S, Jacob R. Delayed awakening or emergence from anaesthesia. Physiology. 2001;13(3):1-2.

53. Burns SM. Delirium during emergence from anesthesia: a case study. Crit Care Nurse. 2003;23(1):66-69.

54. Hudek K. Emergence delirium: a nursing perspective. AORN J. 2009;89(3):509-516.

55. Radtke FM, Franck M, Hagemann L, Seeling M, Wernecke KD, Spies CD. Risk factors for inadequate emergence after anesthesia: emergence delirium and hypoactive emergence. Minerva Anesthesiol. 2010;76(6):394-403.

56. Lepouse C, Lautner CA, Liu L, Gomis P, Leon A. Emergence delirium in adults in the post-anaesthesia care unit. Br J Anaesth. 2006;96(6):747-753.

57. Brull SJ, Kopman AF. Current status of neuromuscular reversal and monitoring: challenges and opportunities. Anesthesiology. 2017;126:173-190.

58. Strauss PZ, Lewis MM. Identifying and treating postanesthesia emergencies. OR Nurse. 2015;9:24-30.

59. McGrath CD, Hunter JM. Monitoring of neuromuscular block. Anaesth Crit Care. 2006;6(1):7-12.

60. GD Shorten, Merk H, Sieber T. Perioperative train-of-four monitoring and residual curarization. Can J Anaesth. 1995;42(8):711-715.

61. Playfor S, Jenkins I, Boyles C, et al. United Kingdom Paediatric Intensive Care Society Sedation, Analgesia and Neuromuscular Blockade Working Group consensus guidelines for sustained neuromuscular blockade in critically ill children. Paediatr Anaesth. 2007;17:881-887.

62. Seiler JG, Casey PJ, Haas Binford S. Compartment syndromes of the upper extremity. J S Orthop Assoc. 2009;9(4).

63. Rasul AT, Jr. Acute Compartment Syndrome. Available at https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/307668-overview. Last accessed December 14, 2020.

64. Golembiewski J, Chernin E, Chopra T. Prevention and treatment of postoperative nausea and vomiting. Am J Health-Syst Pharm. 2005;62(12):1247-1260.

65. Maharaj CH, Kallam SR, Malik A, Hassett P, Grady D, Laffey JG. Preoperative intravenous fluid therapy decreases postoperative nausea and pain in high risk patients. Anesth Analg. 2005;100(3):675-682.

66. Hahn RG. Fluid absorption in endoscopic surgery. BJA. 2006;96(1):8-20.

67. Chambers A. Transurethral resection syndrome—it does not have to be a mystery. AORN. 2002;75(1):156-164.

68. Cagir B. Postoperative Ileus. Available at https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/178948-overview. Last accessed December 14, 2020.

69. Waldhausen JH, Schirmer BD. The effect of ambulation on recovery from postoperative ileus. Ann Surg. 1990;212(6):671-677.

70. Gannon RH. Current strategies for preventing or ameliorating postoperative ileus: nasogastric tube removal. Am J Health-Syst Pharm. 2007;64(20):S8-S12.

71. Abelha FJ, Botelho M, Fernandes V, Barros H. Determinants of postoperative acute kidney injury. Crit Care. 2009;13(3):R79.

72. Needham E. Management of acute renal failure. Am Fam Physician. 2005;72(9):1739-1746.

73. Kheterpal S, Tremper KK, Englesbe MJ, et al. Predictors of postoperative acute renal failure after noncardiac surgery in patients with previously normal renal function. Anesthesiol. 2007;107(6):892-902.

74. Singri N, Ahya SN, Levin ML. Acute renal failure. JAMA. 2003;289:747-751.

75. Workeneh BT. Acute Kidney Injury. Available at https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/243492-overview. Last accessed December 14, 2020.

76. Cassey JG, King RA, Armstrong P. Is there thermal benefit from preoperative warming in children? Paediatr Anaesth. 2010;20(1): 63-71.

77. Ireland D. Unique concerns of the pediatric surgical patient: pre-, intra-, and postoperatively. Nurs Clin North Am. 2006;41(2): 265-298.

78. Ray M, Saha E. Complications following general anaesthesia in paediatric patients. Indian J Anaesth. 2004;48(5):400-405.

79. U.S Census Bureau. A Wave of Change. Available at https://www.census.gov/library/visualizations/2020/comm/a-wave-of-change.html. Last accessed December 14, 2020.

80. American Academy of Health and Fitness. Senior Fitness: Aging and the 11 Body Systems. Available at https://aahf.info/senior-fitness-aging-and-the-body-systems/. Last accessed December 14, 2020.

81. Liu LL, Leung JM. Predicting adverse postoperative outcomes in patients aged 80 years or older. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2000;48(4): 405-412.

82. Barnett SR. Geriatric education: "start low, go slow." ASA Newsletter. 2004;68(5).

83. Sawyer P, Bodner EV, Ritchie CS, Allman RM. Pain and pain medication use in community-dwelling older adults. Am J Geriatr Pharmacother. 2006;4(4):316-324.

84. Mamaril ME. Nursing considerations in the geriatric surgical patient: the perioperative continuum of care. Nurs Clin North Am. 2006;41(2):313-328.

85. National Alliance of Healthcare Purchaser Coalitions. Action Brief: Bariatric Surgery. Available at https://the-alliance.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/08/NA_Action-Brief_BARIATRIC_Branded-TheAlliance.pdf. Last accessed December 14, 2020.

86. Hamdy O. Obesity. Available at https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/123702-overview. Last accessed December 14, 2020.

87. DeMaria EJ. Bariatric surgery for morbid obesity. N Engl J Med. 2007;356(21):2176-2183.

88. Schauer PR, Mingrone G, Ikramuddin S, Wolfe B. Clinical outcomes of metabolic surgery: efficacy of glycemic control, weight loss, and remission of diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2016;39(6):902-911.

89. Owens TM. Bariatric surgery risks, benefits, and care of the morbidly obese. Nurs Clin North Am. 2006;41(2):249-263.

90. Elder KA, Wolfe BM. Bariatric surgery: a review of procedures and outcomes. Gastroenterol. 2007;132(6):2253-2271.

91. Dimick JB, Chen SL, Taheri PA, Henderson WG, Khuri SF, Campbell DA Jr. Hospital costs associated with surgical complications: a report from the private-sector National Surgical Quality Improvement Program. J Am Coll Surg. 2004;199(4):531-537.

92. Singh JA, Yu S, Chen L, Cleveland JD. Rates of Total Joint Replacement in the United States: Future Projections to 2020–2040 Using the National Inpatient Sample. Available at https://www.jrheum.org/content/jrheum/early/2019/04/09/jrheum.170990.full.pdf. Last accessed December 2, 2020.

93. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Overweight and Obesity. Available at https://www.cdc.gov/obesity/adult/defining.html. Last accessed December 14, 2020.

94. American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery. Bariatric Surgery Procedures. Available at https://asmbs.org/patients/bariatric-surgery-procedures. Last accessed December 14, 2020.

Evidence-Based Practice Recommendations Citations

1. Apfelbaum JL, Task Force on Postanesthetic Care. Practice guidelines for postanesthetic care: an updated report by the American Society of Anesthesiologists Task Force on Postanesthetic Care. Anesthesiology. 2013;118(2):291-307. Available at https://pubs.asahq.org/anesthesiology/article/118/2/291/13600/Practice-Guidelines-for-Postanesthetic-CareAn. Last accessed January 8, 2021.

2. National Clinical Guideline Centre for Acute and Chronic Conditions. Venous Thromboembolism in Adults Admitted to Hospital: Reducing the Risk. London: National Institute for Health and Care Excellence; 2015. Available at https://www.acutemedicine.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2015/12/NICE-Reducing-VTE-201015.pdf. Last accessed January 8, 2021.

3. American Geriatrics Society Expert Panel on Postoperative Delirium in Older Adults. American Geriatrics Society abstracted clinical practice guideline for postoperative delirium in older adults. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2015;63(1):142-150. Available at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5901697. Last accessed January 10, 2018.

4. Murray MJ, DeBlock H, Erstad B, et al. Clinical practice guidelines for sustained neuromuscular blockade in the adult critically ill patient. Crit Care Med. 2016;44(11):2079-2103. Available at https://journals.lww.com/ccmjournal/Fulltext/2016/11000/Clinical_Practice_Guidelines_for_Sustained.16.aspx. Last accessed January 8, 2021.

5. Mechanick JI, Youdim A, Jones DB, et al. Clinical practice guidelines for the perioperative nutritional, metabolic, and nonsurgical support of the bariatric surgery patient—2013 update: cosponsored by American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists, the Obesity Society, and American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery. Endocr Pract. 2013;19(2):337-372. Available at https://asmbs.org/app/uploads/2014/05/AACE_TOS_ASMBS_Clinical_Practice_Guidlines_3.2013.pdf. Last accessed January 8, 2021.


Copyright © 2021 NetCE, P.O. Box 997571, Sacramento, CA 95899-7571
Mention of commercial products does not indicate endorsement.