The Ohio Nurse Practice Act

Course #31374 - $15 -


Nurses in Ohio are legally bound to "practice in accordance with acceptable and prevailing standards of safe nursing care." This course will acquaint nurses with the basics of the Ohio Revised Code, which is the legal parameter for evaluating and disciplining nurses within this State. The Board and Legislature use national practice standards, current, nationally recognized periodicals, and professional expertise to update or modify Ohio Code. The Board evaluates reported deviation from standards with relation to intent, pattern and circumstance. After the evaluation of the violation a nurse is adjudicated through due process action. The board may revoke or place restrictions on the nurse's license, reprimand, and levy a fine or take no action when standards have been breached with regard to competent practice, nursing process, patient safety, or delegation of duty. Thus, it becomes the prudent practice for each Ohio nurse to become familiar with the basic standards which govern the major areas of practice.

Education Category: Management
Release Date: 02/01/2023
Expiration Date: 01/31/2026

Table of Contents


This continuing education activity was approved by the Ohio Nurses Association, an Ohio Board of Nursing approver. (OBN-001-91)

Approval valid through January 17, 2025. Assigned ONA #2023-0000000009, 1 contact hour for Category A.

No one with the ability to control content of this activity has a relevant financial relationship with an ineligible company.


This one contact hour Category A course is designed for all Ohio nurses.

Accreditations & Approvals

In support of improving patient care, NetCE is jointly accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME), the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE), and the American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC), to provide continuing education for the healthcare team. NetCE is accredited by the International Accreditors for Continuing Education and Training (IACET). NetCE complies with the ANSI/IACET Standard, which is recognized internationally as a standard of excellence in instructional practices. As a result of this accreditation, NetCE is authorized to issue the IACET CEU.

Designations of Credit

NetCE designates this continuing education activity for 1 ANCC contact hour(s). NetCE designates this continuing education activity for 1.2 hours for Alabama nurses. NetCE is authorized by IACET to offer 0.1 CEU(s) for this program. AACN Synergy CERP Category B.

Individual State Nursing Approvals

In addition to states that accept ANCC, NetCE is approved as a provider of continuing education in nursing by: Alabama, Provider #ABNP0353, (valid through July 29, 2025); Arkansas, Provider #50-2405; California, BRN Provider #CEP9784; California, LVN Provider #V10662; California, PT Provider #V10842; District of Columbia, Provider #50-2405; Florida, Provider #50-2405; Georgia, Provider #50-2405; Kentucky, Provider #7-0054 through 12/31/2025; South Carolina, Provider #50-2405; West Virginia RN and APRN, Provider #50-2405.

Special Approvals

This continuing education activity was approved by the Ohio Nurses Association, an Ohio Board of Nursing approver. (OBN-001-91) Approval valid through 01/17/2025. Assigned ONA #2023-0000000009, 1 contact hour for Category A.

Course Objective

The purpose of this course is to provide basic knowledge of the current Ohio Revised Code and the Ohio Administrative Code for nurses in order to increase compliance and improve patient care. Ohio nurses are legally obligated to be aware of standards that govern professional accountability. Information contained in this course is not intended to be used in lieu of lawful guidelines, but as a learning tool that increases the understanding of some regulations as they apply to nurses who are licensed within the state of Ohio.

Learning Objectives

Upon completion of this course, you should be able to:

  1. Identify the organization and mission of the Ohio Board of Nursing.
  2. List the components of the nursing process, as related to the practice of registered nurses and licensed practical nurses in the state of Ohio.
  3. Recognize the importance of safe nursing practice.
  4. Identify nursing violations that may result in the revocation of a license.


Sally Anthony, MS, RN, Paralegal, received her paralegal certification in 1992. She received her master's degree in health education in 1982 and has been a registered nurse for more than 30 years. As a medical-legal consultant for more than 20 years she has worked with attorneys on medical malpractice cases and personal injury cases. In addition, she donates her time to work with legal interns at the Gonzaga University Legal Assistance program. Her nursing practice has taken place in a variety of clinical settings that are as diverse as post-open heart advanced care and child legislative testimony. She had also worked as a health educator, consulting nurse, psychiatric/chemical dependency assistant nurse manager, regional poison center director and medical-surgical nurse. She currently works as a medical-legal consultant and is an award winning medical writer.

Faculty Disclosure

Contributing faculty, Sally Anthony, MS, RN, Paralegal, has disclosed no relevant financial relationship with any product manufacturer or service provider mentioned.

Division Planner

Sharon Cannon, RN, EdD, ANEF

Division Planner Disclosure

The division planner has disclosed no relevant financial relationship with any product manufacturer or service provider mentioned.

Reading Committee

Karen Brindza, LPN

Reading Committee Disclosure

The reading committee member has disclosed no relevant financial relationship with any product manufacturer or service provider mentioned.

Director of Development and Academic Affairs

Sarah Campbell

Director Disclosure Statement

The Director of Development and Academic Affairs has disclosed no relevant financial relationship with any product manufacturer or service provider mentioned.

About the Sponsor

The purpose of NetCE is to provide challenging curricula to assist healthcare professionals to raise their levels of expertise while fulfilling their continuing education requirements, thereby improving the quality of healthcare.

Our contributing faculty members have taken care to ensure that the information and recommendations are accurate and compatible with the standards generally accepted at the time of publication. The publisher disclaims any liability, loss or damage incurred as a consequence, directly or indirectly, of the use and application of any of the contents. Participants are cautioned about the potential risk of using limited knowledge when integrating new techniques into practice.

Disclosure Statement

It is the policy of NetCE not to accept commercial support. Furthermore, commercial interests are prohibited from distributing or providing access to this activity to learners.

Technical Requirements

Supported browsers for Windows include Microsoft Internet Explorer 9.0 and up, Mozilla Firefox 3.0 and up, Opera 9.0 and up, and Google Chrome. Supported browsers for Macintosh include Safari, Mozilla Firefox 3.0 and up, Opera 9.0 and up, and Google Chrome. Other operating systems and browsers that include complete implementations of ECMAScript edition 3 and CSS 2.0 may work, but are not supported. Supported browsers must utilize the TLS encryption protocol v1.1 or v1.2 in order to connect to pages that require a secured HTTPS connection. TLS v1.0 is not supported.

Implicit Bias in Health Care

The role of implicit biases on healthcare outcomes has become a concern, as there is some evidence that implicit biases contribute to health disparities, professionals' attitudes toward and interactions with patients, quality of care, diagnoses, and treatment decisions. This may produce differences in help-seeking, diagnoses, and ultimately treatments and interventions. Implicit biases may also unwittingly produce professional behaviors, attitudes, and interactions that reduce patients' trust and comfort with their provider, leading to earlier termination of visits and/or reduced adherence and follow-up. Disadvantaged groups are marginalized in the healthcare system and vulnerable on multiple levels; health professionals' implicit biases can further exacerbate these existing disadvantages.

Interventions or strategies designed to reduce implicit bias may be categorized as change-based or control-based. Change-based interventions focus on reducing or changing cognitive associations underlying implicit biases. These interventions might include challenging stereotypes. Conversely, control-based interventions involve reducing the effects of the implicit bias on the individual's behaviors. These strategies include increasing awareness of biased thoughts and responses. The two types of interventions are not mutually exclusive and may be used synergistically.