Works Cited

Pain Management Pearls: Opioids and Culture

Course #97280 - $15 • 2 Hours/Credits

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  • Participation Instructions
    • Review the course material online or in print.
    • Complete the course evaluation.
    • Review your Transcript to view and print your Certificate of Completion. Your date of completion will be the date (Pacific Time) the course was electronically submitted for credit, with no exceptions. Partial credit is not available.

1. Aldington D. What is the level of evidence? Indications and limitations. Presented at: The Ninth Conference of the European Pain Federation (Pain Federation EFIC); Vienna, Austria; September 2, 2015.

2. Cregg R, Russo G, Gubbay A, Branford R, Sato H. Pharmacogenetics of analgesic drugs. Br J Pain. 2013;7(4):189-208.

3. Schatman ME, Webster LR. The health insurance industry: perpetuating the opioid crisis through policies of cost-containment and profitability. J Pain Res. 2015;8:153-158.

4. Atkinson TJ, Schatman ME, Fudin J. The damage done by the war on opioids: the pendulum has swung too far. J Pain Res. 2014;7:265-268.

5. Webster L. The pain epidemic versus the opioid crisis. P T. 2016;41(2):107-115.

6. University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Pain and Policy Studies Group. Achieving Balance in State Pain Policy: A Progress Report Card (CY 2013). Available at Last accessed July 16, 2020.

7. Katz NP, Birnbaum H, Brennan MJ. Prescription opioid abuse: challenges and opportunities for payers. Am J Manag Care. 2013;19:295-302.

8. Federation of State Medical Boards. Guidelines for the Chronic Use of Opioid Analgesics. Washington, DC: Federation of State Medical Boards; 2017.

9. Kaye AD, Jones MR1, Kaye AM, et al. Prescription opioid abuse in chronic pain: an updated review of opioid abuse predictors and strategies to curb opioid abuse (part 2). Pain Physician. 2017;20(2S):S111-S133.

10. U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Medication Guides: Distribution Requirements and Inclusion in Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategies (REMS). Available at Last accessed July 16, 2020.

11. American Chronic Pain Association. ACPA Resource Guide to Chronic Pain Management: An Integrated Guide to Medical, Interventional, Behavioral, Pharmacologic and Rehabilitation Therapies. Available at Last accessed July 16, 2020.

12. Office of National Drug Control Policy. Proper Disposal of Prescription Drugs. Available at Last accessed July 16, 2020.

13. U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Where and How to Dispose of Unused Medicines. Available at Last accessed July 16, 2020.

14. Ask Your Pharmacist. Don't Flush Your Medicines Down the Toilet! Available at Last accessed July 16, 2020.

15. American Medical Association. Promote Safe Storage and Disposal of Opioids and All Medications. Available at Last accessed July 16, 2020.

16. Baxter J. Minimizing the Misuse of Prescription Opioids in Patients with Chronic Nonmalignant Pain. Available at Last accessed July 16, 2020.

17. Frohm KD, Beehler GP. Psychologists as change agents in chronic pain management practice: cultural competence in the health care system. Psychol Serv. 2010;7(3):115-125.

18. Calvillo ER, Flaskerud J. Review of literature on culture and pain of adults with focus on Mexican Americans. J Transcult Nurs. 1991;2(2):16-23.

19. Juarez G, Ferrell B, Borneman T. Influence of culture on cancer pain management in Hispanic patients. Cancer Pract. 1998;6(5):262-269.

20. Pew Research Center. The Demographics of Asian Americans. Available at Last accessed July 16, 2020.

21. Facco E, Teston I, Di Lucia D, Roncon L. Relevance of a biocultural approach in the assessment of chronic pain: a comparison between Peruvian women living in Nasca and Lima. World, Culture, Psychiatry, Research Review (WCPRR). 2013;8(1):60-70.

22. Wilner AN. Pain Management Across Cultures. Available at Last accessed July 16, 2020.

23. Bates MS, Rankin-Hill L, Sanchez-Ayendez M. The effects of the cultural context of health care on treatment of and response to chronic pain and illness. Soc Sci Med. 1997;45(9):1433-1447.

24. Narayan MC. Culture's effect on pain assessment and management. Am J Nurs. 2010;110(4):38-47.

25. Tamayo-Sarver JH, Dawson NV, Hinze SW, et al. The effect of race/ethnicity and desirable social characteristics on physicians' decision to prescribe opioid analgesics. Acad Emerg Med. 2003;10(11):1239-1248.

26. Singhal A, Tien Y, Hsia RY. Racial-ethnic disparities in opioid prescriptions at emergency department visits for conditions commonly associated with prescription drug abuse. PLoS One. 2016;11(8):1-14.

27. Rust G, Nembhard WN, Nichols, et al. Racial and ethnic disparities in the provision of epidural analgesia to Georgia Medicaid beneficiaries during labor and delivery. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2004;191(2):456-462.

28. Cintron A, Morrison RS. Pain and ethnicity in the United States: a systematic review. J Palliat Med. 2006;9(6):1454-1473.

29. Ezenwa MO, Ameringer S, Ward SE, Serlin RC. Racial and ethnic disparities in pain management in the United States. J Nurs Scholarsh. 2006;38(3):225-233.

30. Hastie BA, Riley JL 3rd, Kaplan L, et al. Ethnicity interacts with the OPRM1 gene in experimental pain sensitivity. Pain. 2012;153(8):1610-1619.

31. Chen CH, Tang ST, Chen CH. Meta-analysis of cultural differences in Western and Asian patient-perceived barriers to managing cancer pain. Palliat Med. 2012;26(3):206-221.

32. Crowley-Matoka M, Saha S, Dobscha SK, Burgess DJ. Problems of quality and equity in pain management: exploring the role of the biomedical culture. Pain Med. 2009;10(7):1312-1324.

33. Davidhizar R, Giger JN. A review of the literature on care of clients in pain who are culturally diverse. Int Nurs Rev. 2004;51(1): 47-55.

34. Tait RC, Chibnall JT. Racial and ethnic disparities in the evaluation and treatment of pain: psychological perspectives. Prof Psychol Res Pr. 2005;36(6):595-601.

35. Mossey JM. Defining racial and ethnic disparities in pain management. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2011;469(7):1859-1870.

36. Jimenez N, Garroutte E, Kundu A, Morales L, Buchwald D. A review of the experience, epidemiology, and management of pain among American Indian, Alaska Native, and aboriginal Canadian peoples. J Pain. 2011;12(5):511-522.

37. Morrison RS, Wallenstein S, Natale DK, Senzel RS, Huang LL. "We don't carry that:" failure of pharmacies in predominantly nonwhite neighborhoods to stock opioid analgesics. N Eng J Med. 2000;6(342):1023-1026.

38. Anderson KO, Green CR, Payne R. Racial and ethnic disparities in pain: causes and consequences of unequal care. J Pain. 2009;10(12):1187-1204.

39. Haozous EA, Doorenbos AZ, Stoner S. Pain management experiences and the acceptability of cognitive behavioral strategies among American Indians and Alaska Natives. J Transcult Nurs. 2016;27(3):233-240.

40. Pillay T, van Zyl HA, Blackbeard D. Chronic pain perception and cultural experience. Procedia Soc Behav Sci. 2014;113:151-160.

41. Campbell CM, Edwards RR. Ethnic differences in pain and pain management. Pain Manag. 2012;2(3):219-230.

42. Gagnon CM, Matsuura JT, Smith CC, Stanos SP. Ethnicity and interdisciplinary pain treatment. Pain Pract. 2014;14(6):532-540.

43. Finnström B, Söderhamn O. Conceptions of pain among Somali women. J Adv Nurs. 2006;54(4):418-425.

44. Green CR, Anderson KO, Baker TA, et al. The unequal burden of pain: confronting racial and ethnic disparities in pain. Pain Med. 2003;4(3):277-294.

45. Tung WC, Li Z. Pain beliefs and behaviors among Chinese. Home Health Care Management & Practice. 2015;27(2):95-97.

46. Davidhizar RE, Hart AN. Pain management: delivering culturally appropriate care. Healthcare Traveler. 2005;12(12):32-41.

47. Booker SQ. African Americans' perceptions of pain and pain management: a systematic review. J Transcult Nurs. 2016;27(1):73-80.

48. Eaton LH, Meins AR, Rue T, Doorenbos AZ, Langford DJ, Tauben DJ. Use of self-management interventions for chronic pain management: a comparison between rural and nonrural residents. Pain Manag Nurs. 2018;19(1):8-13.

49. Majeed MH, Ali AA, Sudak DM. Review article: mindfulness-based interventions for chronic pain: evidence and applications. Asian J Psychiatr. 2018;32:79-83.

50. Lin YC, Lee ACC, Kemper KJ, Berde CB. Use of complementary and alternative medicine in pediatric pain management service: a survey. Pain Med. 2005;6(6):452-458.

51. Hollingshead NA, Ashburn-Nardo L, Stewart JC, Hirsh AT. Critical review: the pain experience of Hispanic Americans: a critical literature review and conceptual model. J Pain. 2016;17(5):513-528.

52. Chater K, Tsai CT. Palliative care in a multicultural society: a challenge for Western ethics. Aust J Adv Nurs. 2008;26(2):95-100.

53. Claxton-Oldfield S, Claxton-Oldfield J, Rishchynski G. Understanding of the term "palliative care:" a Canadian survey. Am J Hosp Palliat Care. 2004;21(2):105-110.

54. Bosma H, Apland L, Kazanjian A. Cultural conceptualizations of hospice palliative care: more similarities than differences. Palliat Med. 2010;24(5):510-522.

55. Leleszi JP, Lewandowski JG. Pain management in end-of-life care. JAOA. 2005;105:6S-11S.

  • Back to Course Home
  • Participation Instructions
    • Review the course material online or in print.
    • Complete the course evaluation.
    • Review your Transcript to view and print your Certificate of Completion. Your date of completion will be the date (Pacific Time) the course was electronically submitted for credit, with no exceptions. Partial credit is not available.