Works Cited

Shyness: Causes and Impact

Course #76383 - $15 • 3 Hours/Credits

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  • Participation Instructions
    • Review the course material online or in print.
    • Complete the course evaluation.
    • Review your Transcript to view and print your Certificate of Completion. Your date of completion will be the date (Pacific Time) the course was electronically submitted for credit, with no exceptions. Partial credit is not available.

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7. Coplan RJ, Baldwin D, Wood KR. Shy but getting by: protective factors in the links between childhood shyness and socio-emotional functioning. In: Schmidt LA, Poole KL (eds). Adaptive Shyness. Geneva: Springer Nature; 2020: 63-87.

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11. Langhinrichsen-Rohling J, Thompson K, Selwyn C, Finnegan H, Misra T. Maladaptive schemas mediate poor parental attachment and suicidality in college students. Death Stud. 2017;41(6):337-344.

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14. Shuang B, Haak EA, Gilbert LR, Sheikh ML, Keller PS. Father attachment, father emotion expression and children's attachment to fathers: the role of marital conflict. J Fam Psychol. 2018;32(4):456-465.

15. Thompson RA. Early attachment and later development: reframing the questions. In: Cassidy J, Shaver PR (eds). Handbook of Attachment: Theory, Research, and Clinical Applications. 3rd ed. New York, NY: Guilford Press; 2018: 330-348.

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17. Simply Psychology. Mary Ainsworth: The Strange Situation. Available at https://www.simplypsychology.org/mary-ainsworth.html. Last accessed January 11, 2021.

18. Sette S, Hipson WE, Zava F, Baumgartner E, Coplan RJ. Linking shyness with social and school adjustment in early childhood: the moderating role of inhibitory control. Early Education and Development. 2018;29(5):675-690.

19. Simpson JA, Collins WA, Tran S, Haydon KC. Attachment and the experience and expression of emotions in romantic relationships: a developmental perspective. J Pers Soc Psychol. 2007;92(2):355-367.

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21. Taber-Thomas SM. Children's Reports of Deficient Parenting and the Prediction of Concurrent and Disruptive Behavior Problems. PhD Dissertation. Des Moines, IA: University of Iowa; 2013.

22. Bleys D, Soenes B, Claes S, Villegen N, Luyten P. Parental psychological control, adolescent self-criticism, and adolescent depressive symptoms: a latent change modeling approach in Belgian adolescents. Journal of Clinical Psychology. 2018;74(10):1833-1853.

23. American Psychological Association. Painful Shyness in Children and Adults. Available at https://www.apa.org/topics/painful-shyness. Last accessed January 12, 2021.

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25. Crowe LM, Beauchamp MH, Catroppa C, Anderson V. Social function assessment tools for children and adolescents: a systematic review from 1988 to 2010. Clin Psychol Rev. 2011;31(5):767-785.

26. Demir-Dagdas T, Isik-Ercan Z, Intepe-Tingir S, Cava-Tadik Y. Parental divorce and children from diverse backgrounds: multidisciplinary perspectives on mental health, parent-child relationships, and educational experiences. Journal of Divorce and Remarriage. 2017;59(6):469-485.

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32. Beer JS. Implicit self-theories of shyness. J Pers Soc Psychol. 2002;83(4):1009-1024.

33. Chorot P, Valiente RM, Magaz AM, Santed MA, Sandin B. Perceived parental child rearing and attachment as predictors of anxiety and depressive disorder symptoms in children: the mediational role of attachment. Psychiatry Research. 2017;253:287-295.

34. Tacket JL, Lahey BB. Neuroticism. In: Widiger TA (ed). Oxford Library of Psychology: The Oxford Handbook of the Five Factor Model. New York, NY: Oxford University Press; 2017: 39-56.

35. Yang X, Zhou M, Lama S, et al. Intrinsic brain activity responsible for sex differences in shyness and social anxiety. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience. 2017;11:43.

36. Eisenberg N, Fabes RA, Murphy BC. Relations of shyness and low sociality to regulation and emotionality. J Per Soc Psychol. 1995;8(3):505-517.

37. Brook CA, Willoughby T. The social ties that bind: social anxiety and academic achievement across the university years. Journal of Youth and Adolescence. 2015;44(5):1139-1152.

38. American Psychological Association. Cynical Shyness Can Precipitate Violence in Males, Say Researchers, and May Be A Factor in School Shootings. Available at https://www.apa.org/news/press/releases/2007/08/shyness. Last accessed January 13, 2021.

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40. Kwiatkowska MM, Rogoza R. A measurement invariance investigation of the differences in shyness between adolescents and adults. Personality and Individual Differences. 2017;116:331-335.

41. Satici B. Testing a model of subjective well-being: the roles of optimism, psychological vulnerability, and shyness. Health Psychology Open. 2019;6(2):1-8.

42. Katz S, Somers CL. Individual and environmental predictors of college adjustment: prevention and intervention. Current Psychology. 2017;36(1):56-65.

43. Burstein M, Ameli-Grillon L, Merikangas KR. Shyness versus social phobia in US youth. Pediatrics. 2011;128(5):917-925.

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45. Schmidt LA, Poole KL. On the bifurcation of temperamental shyness: development, adaptation, and neoteny, 2019. New Ideas in Psychology. 2019;53:13-21.

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47. Aiden LE, Buhr K, Robichaud M, Trew JL, Lelli PM. Treatment of social approach processes in adults with social anxiety disorder. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. 2018;86(6):505.

48. Haltigan JD, Roisman GI, Groh AM, et al. Antecedents of attachment states of mind in normative-risk and high-risk caregiving: cross-race and cross-sex generalizability in two longitudinal studies. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. 2019;60(12): 1309-1322.

  • Back to Course Home
  • Participation Instructions
    • Review the course material online or in print.
    • Complete the course evaluation.
    • Review your Transcript to view and print your Certificate of Completion. Your date of completion will be the date (Pacific Time) the course was electronically submitted for credit, with no exceptions. Partial credit is not available.