Works Cited

Child Abuse Identification and Reporting: The Pennsylvania Requirement

Course #97542 - $24 • 3 Hours/Credits

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  • Participation Instructions
    • Review the course material online or in print.
    • Complete the course evaluation.
    • Review your Transcript to view and print your Certificate of Completion. Your date of completion will be the date (Pacific Time) the course was electronically submitted for credit, with no exceptions. Partial credit is not available.

1. Johnson JM. Horror stories and the construction of child abuse. In: Best J (ed). Images of Issues: Typifying Contemporary Social Problems. 2nd ed. New York, NY: Aldine De Gruyter; 1995: 5-19.

2. Tomison AM. A history of child protection: back to the future? Fam Matters. 2001;(60):46-57.

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5. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA) 2010. Available at https://www.acf.hhs.gov/cb/law-regulation/child-abuse-prevention-and-treatment-act-capta. Last accessed July 18, 2022.

6. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Definitions of Child Abuse and Neglect. Available at https://www.childwelfare.gov/pubPDFs/define.pdf. Last accessed July 18, 2022.

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13. Myers JEB. A short history of child protection in America. Family Law Quarterly. 2008;42(3):449-463.

14. Hogelin JM. To prevent and to protect: the reporting of child abuse by educators. Brigham Young University Education & Law Journal. 2013;2013(2):225-252.

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17. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families. Long-Term Consequences of Child Abuse and Neglect. Available at https://www.childwelfare.gov/pubs/factsheets/long-term-consequences. Last accessed July 18, 2022.

18. Philadelphia Department of Human Services. DHS History. Available at https://www.phila.gov/departments/department-of-public-health/about-us. Last accessed July 18, 2022.

19. Sheets LK, Leach ME, Koszewski IJ, Lessmeier AM, Nugent M, Simpson P. Sentinel injuries in infants evaluated for child physical abuse. Pediatrics. 2013;131(4):701-707.

20. Sousa C, Herrenkohl TI, Moylan CA, et al. Longitudinal study on the effects of child abuse and children's exposure to domestic violence, parent-child attachments, and antisocial behavior in adolescence. J Interpers Violence. 2011;26(1):111-136.

21. Garbarino J. Troubled youth, troubled families: the dynamics of adolescent maltreatment. In: Cicchetti D, Carlson V (eds). Child Maltreatment: Theory and Research on the Causes and Consequences of Child Abuse and Neglect. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press; 1989: 685-706.

22. Beaty PT, Woolley MR. Child molesters need not apply: a history of Pennsylvania's child protective services law and legislative efforts to prevent the hiring of abusers by child care agencies. Dickinson Law Review. 1985;89(3):669-690.

23. Springer KW, Sheridan J, Kuo D, Carnes M. The long-term health outcomes of childhood abuse: an overview and a call to action.J Gen Intern Med. 2003;18(10):864-870.

24. Norman RE, Byambaa M, De R, Butchart A, Scott J, Vos T. The long-term health consequences of child physical abuse, emotional abuse, and neglect: a systematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS Medicine. 2012;9(11):1-31.

25. Herrenkohl TI, Hong S, Klika JB, Herrenkohl RC, Russo MJ. Developmental impacts of child abuse and neglect related to adult mental health, substance use, and physical health. J Fam Violence. 2013;28(2):191-199.

26. Menniti DJ. Child abuse law in Pennsylvania. Pennsylvania Medicine. 1986;89(3):33-34.

27. Pennsylvania Department of Human Services. Child Protective Services 2020 Annual Report. Available at https://www.dhs.pa.gov/docs/Publications/Documents/Child%20Abuse%20Reports/2020%20Child%20Protective%20Services%20Report_FINAL.pdf. Last accessed July 18, 2022.

28. Fagan AA, Novak A. Adverse childhood experiences and adolescent delinquency in a high-risk sample. Youth Violence Juv J. 2018;16(4):395-417.

29. Henderson KL. Mandated reporting of child abuse: considerations and guidelines for mental health counselors. J Ment Health Counsel. 2013;35(4):296-309.

30. Carleton RA. Does the mandate make a difference? Reporting decisions in emotional abuse. Child Abuse Rev. 2006;15(1):19-37.

31. Pietrantonio AM, Wright E, Gibson KN, Alldred T, Jacobson D, Niec A. Mandatory reporting of child abuse and neglect: crafting a positive process for health professionals and caregivers. Child Abuse Negl. 2013;37(2-3):102-109.

32. Mifflin County. Child Protective Services. Available at http://www.co.mifflin.pa.us/dept/CY/Pages/Child-Protective-Services.aspx. Last accessed July 18, 2022.

33. Pennsylvania Medical Society. PAMED Consult: Child Abuse Reporting. Available at https://www.pamedsoc.org/reference/pameds-quick-consult-series#2. Last accessed July 18, 2022.

34. Gonzalez D, Mirabal AB, McCall JD. Child Abuse and Neglect. Available at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK459146. Last accessed July 18, 2022.

35. The Pennsylvania Code. 3490.32: ChildLine Reporting to the County Agency. Available at http://www.pacodeandbulletin.gov/Display/pacode?file=/secure/pacode/data/055/chapter3490/s3490.32.html. Last accessed July 18, 2022.

36. Nemeroff CB. Paradise lost: the neurobiological and clinical consequences of child abuse and neglect. Neuron. 2016;89(5):892-909.

37. Thompson C. Bills Would Change Child Abuse Reporting Requirements in PA, Defining Who Reports and How. Available at https://www.pennlive.com/midstate/2014/04/bills_beefing_up_child_abuse_r.html. Last accessed July 18, 2022.

38. Mifflin County. General Protective Services. Available at http://www.co.mifflin.pa.us/dept/CY/Pages/General-Protective-Services.aspx. Last accessed July 18, 2022.

39. Yaw G. Changes to Pennsylvania's Child Protective Services Law. Available at https://www.senatorgeneyaw.com/changes-to-pennsylvanias-child-protective-services-law. Last accessed July 18, 2022.

40. Schols MWA, Ruiter C, Öry FG. How do public childcare professionals and primary school teachers identify and handle child abuse cases? A qualitative study. BMC Public Health. 2013;13(1):1-16.

41. Fontes LA. Interviewing immigrant children for suspected child maltreatment. J Psychiatry Law. 2010;38(3):283-305.

42. The Pennsylvania Code. Section 3490.4: Definitions. Available at http://www.pacodeandbulletin.gov/Display/pacode?file=/secure/pacode/data/055/chapter3490/s3490.4.html. Last accessed July 18, 2022.

43. Allegheny County Department of Human Services. Reporting Child Abuse or Neglect (Younger than 18 Years of Age). Available at https://www.alleghenycounty.us/Human-Services/About/Contact/Child-Abuse.aspx. Last accessed July 18, 2022.

44. The Pennsylvania Code. Chapter 63: Child Protective Services. Available at https://www.legis.state.pa.us/WU01/LI/LI/CT/HTM/23/00.063..HTM. Last accessed July 18, 2022.

45. Child Welfare Information Gateway. State Statutes Search: Pennsylvania. Available at https://www.childwelfare.gov/topics/systemwide/laws-policies/state. Last accessed July 18, 2022.

46. Domhardt M, Münzer A, Fegert JM, Goldbeck L. Resilience in survivors of child sexual abuse: a systematic review of the literature. Trauma Violence Abuse. 2015;16(4):476-493.

47. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Preventing Adverse Childhood Experiences. Available at https://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/aces/fastfact.html. Last accessed July 18, 2022.

48. The Pennsylvania Legislature. Section 6311: Provisions and Responsibilities for Reporting Suspected Child Abuse. Available at https://www.legis.state.pa.us/WU01/LI/LI/CT/HTM/23/00.063.011.000..HTM. Last accessed July 18, 2022.

49. The Pennsylvania Legislature. Section 6340: Release of Information in Confidential Reports. Available at https://www.legis.state.pa.us/WU01/LI/LI/CT/HTM/23/00.063.040.000..HTM. Last accessed July 18, 2022.

50. Nemeroff CB, Binder E. The preeminent role of childhood abuse and neglect in vulnerability to major psychiatric disorders: toward elucidating the underlying neurobiological mechanisms. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2014;53(4):395-397.

51. PR Newswire. Governor Corbett Signs Additional Child Protection Bills: New Laws Define Mandatory Reporters of Suspected Child Abuse. Available at https://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/governor-corbett-signs-additional-child-protection-bills-255338291.html. Last accessed July 18, 2022.

52. Rosinski A, Weiss RA, Clatch L. Childhood adverse events and adult physical and mental health: a national study. J Psychol Res. 2018;23(1):40-50.

53. Pennsylvania Department of Human Services. Report Abuse. Available at https://www.dhs.pa.gov/contact/Pages/Report-Abuse.aspx. Last accessed July 18, 2022.

54. Keep Kids Safe Pennsylvania. Mandated Reporter Frequently Asked Questions. Available at https://www.dhs.pa.gov/KeepKidsSafe/Pages/FAQ.aspx. Last accessed July 18, 2022.

55. Pennsylvania Code. 3490.18. Filing of a Written Report by a Required Reporter. Available at http://www.pacodeandbulletin.gov/Display/pacode?file=/secure/pacode/data/055/chapter3490/s3490.18.html. Last accessed July 18, 2022.

56. Pennsylvania Code. 3490.20. Other Medical Information. Available at http://www.pacodeandbulletin.gov/Display/pacode?file=/secure/pacode/data/055/chapter3490/s3490.20.html. Last accessed July 18, 2022.

57. Free the Slaves and Human Rights Center of the University of California, Berkeley. Hidden slaves forced labor in the United States. Berkeley Journal of International Law. 2005;23(1):47-109.

58. U.S. Congress. Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act of 2000. Public Law 106-386. Available at https://www.congress.gov/bill/106th-congress/house-bill/3244. Last accessed July 18, 2022.

59. Bertone AM. Sexual trafficking in women: international political economy and the politics of sex. Gender Issues. 2000;18(1):2-22.

60. Kotrla K. Domestic minor sex trafficking in the United States. Soc Work. 2010;55(2):181-187.

61. Child Welfare Information Gateway. Child Maltreatment Prevention: Past, Present, and Future. Available at https://www.childwelfare.gov/pubs/issue-briefs/cm-prevention. Last accessed July 18, 2022.

62. Barga M. Children's Aid Society of Pennsylvania. Available at https://socialwelfare.library.vcu.edu/programs/child-welfarechild-labor/childrens-aid-society-of-pennsylvania. Last accessed July 18, 2022.

63. Pennsylvania Department of Human Services. Child Protective Services 2017 Annual Report. Available at https://www.dhs.pa.gov/docs/OCYF/Documents/2017%20Annual%20Child%20Protective%20Services%20Report.pdf. Last accessed July 18, 2022.

64. Pennsylvania Department of Human Services. 2018 Annual Report. Available at https://www.dhs.pa.gov/docs/OCYF/Documents/2018%20Annual%20Child%20Protective%20Services%20Report.pdf. Last accessed July 18, 2022.

  • Back to Course Home
  • Participation Instructions
    • Review the course material online or in print.
    • Complete the course evaluation.
    • Review your Transcript to view and print your Certificate of Completion. Your date of completion will be the date (Pacific Time) the course was electronically submitted for credit, with no exceptions. Partial credit is not available.