Works Cited

Commonly Abused Supplements

Course #98020 - $15 • 2 Hours/Credits

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  • Participation Instructions
    • Review the course material online or in print.
    • Complete the course evaluation.
    • Review your Transcript to view and print your Certificate of Completion. Your date of completion will be the date (Pacific Time) the course was electronically submitted for credit, with no exceptions. Partial credit is not available.

1. Biggs JM, Morgan JA, Lardieri AB, Kishk OA, Klein-Schwartz W. Abuse and misuse of selected dietary supplements among adolescents: a look at poison center data. J Pediatr Pharmacol Ther. 2017;22(6):385-393.

2. TRC Healthcare Natural Medicines Database. 1,3-DMAA. Available at https://naturalmedicines.therapeuticresearch.com/databases/food,-herbs-supplements/professional.aspx?productid=1258. Last accessed October 22, 2022.

3. TRC Healthcare Natural Medicines Database. Bitter Orange. Available at https://naturalmedicines.therapeuticresearch.com/databases/food,-herbs-supplements/professional.aspx?productid=976. Last accessed October 22, 2022.

4. TRC Healthcare Natural Medicines Database. Octopamine. Available at https://naturalmedicines.therapeuticresearch.com/databases/food,-herbs-supplements/professional.aspx?productid=1590. Last accessed October 22, 2022.

5. TRC Healthcare Natural Medicines Database. Caffeine. Available at https://naturalmedicines.therapeuticresearch.com/databases/food,-herbs-supplements/professional.aspx?productid=979. Last accessed October 22, 2022.

6. TRC Healthcare Natural Medicines Database. Ephedra. Available at https://naturalmedicines.therapeuticresearch.com/databases/food,-herbs-supplements/professional.aspx?productid=847. Last accessed October 22, 2022.

7. TRC Healthcare Natural Medicines Database. Senna. Available at https://naturalmedicines.therapeuticresearch.com/databases/food,-herbs-supplements/professional.aspx?productid=652. Last accessed October 22, 2022.

8. TRC Healthcare Natural Medicines Database. Castor Bean. Available at https://naturalmedicines.therapeuticresearch.com/databases/food,-herbs-supplements/professional.aspx?productid=897. Last accessed October 22, 2022.

9. Müller-Lissner SA, Kamm MA, Scarpignato C, Wald A. Myths and misconceptions about chronic constipation. Am J Gastroenterol. 2005;100(1):232-242.

10. TRC Healthcare Natural Medicines Database. Gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB). Available at https://naturalmedicines.therapeuticresearch.com/databases/food,-herbs-supplements/professional.aspx?productid=950. Last accessed October 22, 2022.

11. Smith KM, Larive LL, Romanelli F. Club drugs: methylenedioxymethamphetamine, flunitrazepam, ketamine hydrochloride, and gamma-hydroxybutyrate. Am J Health-Syst Pharm. 2002;59(11):1067-1076.

12. Benzer TI. Gamma-Hydroxybutyrate Toxicity. Available at https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/820531-overview. Last accessed October 22, 2022.

13. Greene JP, Ahrendt D, Stafford EM. Adolescent abuse of other drugs. Adolesc Med Clin. 2006;17(2):283-318.

14. TRC Healthcare Natural Medicines Database. Kratom. Available at https://naturalmedicines.therapeuticresearch.com/databases/food,-herbs-supplements/professional.aspx?productid=1513. Last accessed October 22, 2022.

15. Drug Enforcement Administration. Drugs of Abuse: A DEA Resource Guide. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice; 2020.

16. TRC Healthcare Natural Medicines Database. Gamma Butyrolactone (GBL). Available at https://naturalmedicines.therapeuticresearch.com/databases/food,-herbs-supplements/professional.aspx?productid=820. Last accessed October 22, 2022.

17. Smith T, Majid, F, Eckl V, Reynolds CM. Herbal supplements sales in US increase by record-breaking 17.3% in 2020: sales of immune health, stress relief, and heart health supplements grow during COVID-19 pandemic. HerbalGram. 2021;(131):52-65.

  • Back to Course Home
  • Participation Instructions
    • Review the course material online or in print.
    • Complete the course evaluation.
    • Review your Transcript to view and print your Certificate of Completion. Your date of completion will be the date (Pacific Time) the course was electronically submitted for credit, with no exceptions. Partial credit is not available.